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Akaranga Sutra

Knowledge of the weapon
Conquest of the world
Hot and cold
Righteousness
Essence of the world
The Cleaning
Liberation
The Pillow of righteousness
Begging of food
Begging for a couch
Walking
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Begging of clothes
Begging for a bowl
Regulation of possession
Seven Lectures - 1
Seven Lectures - 2
Seven Lectures - 3
Seven Lectures - 4
Seven Lectures - 5
Seven Lectures - 6
Seven Lectures - 7
The Clauses
The Liberation

Kalpa Sutra

Life of Mahavira (part 1)
Life of Mahavira (part 2)
Life of Parsva
Life of Arishtanemi
Epochs of the intermediate Tirthakaras
Life of Rishabha
List of the Sthaviras
Rules for Yatis

 

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Home : Jainism : Kalpa Sutra : List of the Sthaviras
List of the Sthaviras

At that period, at that age the Venerable Ascetic Mahivira had nine Ganas and eleven Ganadharas.

'Why, now, has it been said, that the Venerable Ascetic Mahavira had nine Ganas, but eleven Ganadharas?'

'The oldest monk of the Venerable Ascetic Mahavira was Indrabhuti of the Gautama gotra, who instructed five hundred Sramanas; the middle-aged monk was Agnibhuti of the Gautama gotra, who instructed five hundred Sramanas; the youngest was Vayabhuti of the Gautama gotra, who instructed five hundred Sramanas. The Sthavira Arya-Vyakta of the Bharadvaga gotra instructed five hundred Sramanas; the Sthavira Arya-Sudharman of the Agnivesayana gotra instructed five hundred Sramanas; the Sthavira Mandikaputra of the Vasishtha gotra instructed two hundred and fifty Sramanas; the Sthavira Matiryaputra of the Kasyapa gotra instructed two hundred and fifty Sramanas; the Sthavira Akampita of the Gatitama gotra and Sthavira Akalabhritri of the Harittiyana gotra, both Sthaviras instructed together three hundred Sramanas each; the Sthaviras Metarya and Prabhasa, both of the Kaundinya gotra, instructed together three hundred Sramanas each. Therefore, Sir, has. it been said that the Venerable Ascetic Mahavira had nine Ganas, but eleven Ganadharas. (1)

All these eleven Ganadharas of the Venerable Ascetic Mahavira, who knew the twelve Angas, the fourteen Purvas, and the whole Siddhanta of the Ganins, died, freed from all pains in Ragagriha after fasting a month without drinking water. The Sthaviras Itidrabhuti and Arya Sudharman both died after the Nirvana of Mahavira. The Nirgrantha Sramanas of the present time are all (spiritual) descendants of the monk Arya Sudharman, the rest of the Ganadharas left no descendants. (2)

The Venerable Ascetic Mahavira was of the Kilsyapa gotra. His disciple was:

1. Arya Sudharman of the Agnivesyayana gotra

2. Arya Gambunaman of the Kisyapa gotra;

3. Arya Prabhava of the Katyayana gotra;

4. Arya Sayyambha, father of Manaka, was of the Vatsa gotra;

5. Arya Yasobhadra of the Tungikayana gotra. (3)

In the short redaction the list of Sthaviras after Arya Yasobhadra is the following:

6. Arya Sambbutavigaya of the Mathara gotra and Arya Bhadrabahu of the Prakina gotra;

7. Arya Sthalabhadra of the Gautama gotra

8. i. Arya Mahagiri of the Ailapatya gotra and

ii. Arya Suhastin of the Vasishtha gotra;

9. Susthita and Supratibuddha, surnamed Kotika and Kakandaka, of the Vyaghrapatya gotra;

10. Arya Indradatta. (Indadinna) of the Kausika gotra;

11. Arya Datta (Dinna) of the Gautama gotra;

12. Arya Simhagiri Gatismara of the Kausika gotra;

13. Arya Vagra of the Gautama gotra;

14. Arya Vagrasena of the Utkirishta gotra

He had four disciples: Arya Nagila, Arya Padmila, Arya Gayanta, and Arya Tapasa, each of whom founded a Sakha called after his name, viz. the Aryanagila Sakha, the Aryapadmila Sakha, the Aryagayanta Sakha, and the Aryatapasa Sakha. (4)

In the detailed redaction the. list of Sthaviras after Arya Yasobhadra is the following:

6. i. Arya Bhadrabahu of the Prakina gotra, who had four disciples of the Kasyapa gotra:

A. Godasa, founder of the Godasa Gana, which was divided into four Sakhas:

a. The Tamraliptika Sakha,

b. The Kotivarshiyta Sakha,

c. The Pundravardhantya Sakha, and

d. The Disikharhatika Sakha.

B. Agnidatta,

C. Ganadatta,

D. Somadatta.

ii. Arya Sambhutavigaya of the Mithara gotra, who had twelve disciples:

7. A. Nandanabhadra,

B. Upananda,

C. Tishyabhadra

D. Yasobhadra,

E. Sumanobhadra

F. Manibhadra,

G. Punyabhadra

H. Sthulabhadra of the Gautama gotra,

I. Rigumati,

K. Gambu,

L. Dirghabhadra, and

M. PAndubhadra;

and seven female disciples:

A. Yaksha

B. Yakshadatta (Yakshadinna),

C. Bhuta,

D. Bhutadatta (Bhutadinna),

E. Sena (also Ena),

F. Vena,

G. Rena.

8. i. Arya Mahagiri of the Aillpatya gotra, who had eight disciples:

A. Uttara,

B. Balissaha, who both together founded the Uttarabalissaha Gana, which was divided into four Sakhas:

a. Kausambika,

b. Sautaptika (Pr. Soittiya),

c. Kautumbini (or Kundadhari),

d. Kandandgari.

C. Dhanarddhi (Pr. Dhanaddha),

D. Sirarddhi (Pr. Siriddha),

E. Kodinya,

F. Naga,

G. Nigaputra,

H. Khaluka Rohagupta of the Kausika gotra, founder of the Trairasika Sakha

ii. Arya Stiliastin of the Vasisshtha gotra, who had twelve disciples

9. A. Arya Rohana. of the Kasyapa gotra, founder of the Uddeha Gana, which was divided into four Sakhas:

a. Udumbarika (Pr. Udumbariggiya),

b. Masapurika,

c. Matipatriki,

d. Purnapatriki (Pr. Punnapattiya, Panna, Sunna, or Suvanna);

and into six Kulas:

a. Nagabhuta,

b. Somabhuta,

c. Ullagakkha (or Ardrakakkha?),

e. Hastilipta (Pr. Hatthiligga),

f. Nandika (Pr. Nandigga),

g. Parhasaka.

B. Bhadrayasas of the Bharadvagra gotra, who founded the Uduvatika Gana, which was divided into four Sakhas:

a. Kampiyika (Pr. Kampiggiya),

b. Bhadriyika (Pr. Bhaddiggiya),

c. Kakandika,

d. Mekhaltyika (Pr. Mehaliggiya);

and into three Kulas:

a'. Bhadrayaska (Pr. Bhaddagasiya),

b'. Bhadraguptika,

c'. Yasobhadra (Pr. Gasabhadda).

C. Megha.

D. Karnarddhi (Pr. Kamidithi) of the Kundala gotra, who founded the Vesavatika Gana, which was divided into four Sakhas:

a. Sravastika

b. Ragyapalika (Pr. Raggapaliya),

c. Antarańgika (Pr. Antariggiya),

d. Kshemaliptika (Pr. Khemaliggya);

and into four Kulas:

a'. Ganika,

b'. Maighika,

c'. Kamarddhika,

d'. Indrapuraka.

E. Srigupta of the Harita gotra. founder of the Karana Gana, which was divided into four Sakhas

a. Haritamalakari,

b. Samkasika,

c. Gavedhuka,

d. Vagranagari;

and into seven Kulas:

a'. Vatsaliya (Pr. Vakkhaligga),

b'. Pritidharmika,

c'. Haridraka (Pr. Halligga),

d'. Pushyamitrika (Pr. Pusamittigga).

e'. Malyaka (Pr. Maligga),

f'. Aryaketaka,

g'. Krishnasakha (Pr. Kanhasaha).

F. Rishigupta Kakandaka of the Vasishtha gotra, founder of the Manava Gana, which was divided into four Sakhas:

a. Kasyapiyi (Pr. Kasaviggiya),

b. Gautamiya (Pr. Goyameggiya),

c. Vasishthiya (Pr. Vasitthiya),

d. Saurashtrika;

and into three Kulas:

a'. Rishiguptika,

b'. Rishidattika,

c'. Abhiyasasa.

G. and H. Susthita and Supratibuddha, surnamed Kautika and Kakandaka, of the Vyaghrapatya gotra, founders of the Kautika gotra, which was divided into four Sakhas:

a. Ukkanagari,

b. Vidyidhari,

c. Vagri,

d. Madhyamika (Pr. Magghimilla);

and into four Kulas:

a'. Brahmaliptaka (Pr. Bambhaligga),

b'. Vatsaliya (Pr. Vakkhaligga, cf. E. a'.),

c'. Vaniya (Pr. Vanigga),

d'. Prasnavahanaka.

Both Sthaviras had together five disciples:

10. A. Arya Indradatta (Pr. Indadinna) of the Kasyapa gotra,

B. Priyagantha, founder of tht Madhyana Sakha,

C. Vidyadharagopala of the Kasyapa gotra, founder of the Vidyadhari Sakha,

D: Rishidatta,

E. Arhaddatta (Pr. Arihadatta).

11. Arya Datta (Pr. Dinna) of the Gautama gotra, who had two disciples:

12. i. Arya Santisenika of the Mathara, gotra, founder of the Ukkanagara Sakha, who had four disciples:

A. Arya Senika, founder of the Aryasenika Sakha,

B. Arya Tapasa, founder of the Aryatapasi Sakha,

C. Arya Kubera, founder of the Aryakubera Sakha, and

D. Arya Rishipalita, founder of the Aryarishipaliti Sakha.

ii. Arya Simhagiri Gatismara of the Gautama gotra, who had four disciples:

13. A. Dhanagiri,

B. Arya Samita of the Gautama gotra, founder of the Brahmadvipika Sakha,

C. Arya Vagra of the Gautama gotra, founder of the Aryavagra Sakha,

D. Arhaddatta (Pr. Arihadinna).

14. i. Arya Vagrasena, founder of the Aryanagila Sakha,

ii. Arya Padma, founder of the Aryapadmi Sakha,

iii. Arya Ratha of the Vatsa gotra, founder of the Aryag-ayantl Sakha.

15. Arya Pulgyagiri of the Kausika gotra

16. Arya Phalgumitra of the Gautama gotta.

17. Arya Dhanagiri of the Vasishtha gotra.

18. Arya Sivabhuti of the Kautsa gotra.

19. Arya Bhadra of the Kasyapa gotra.

20. Arya Nakshatra of the Kasyapa gotra.

21. Arya Raksha of the Kasyapa gotra.

22. Arya Naga of the Gautama gotra.

23. Arya Gehila of the Vasishtha gotra.

24. Arya Vishnu of the Mathara gotra.

25. Arya Kalaka of the Gautama gotra.

26. Arya Sampalita and Bhadra, both of the Gautama gotra.

27. Arya Vriddha of the Gautama gotra.

28. Arya Sanghapalita of the Gautama gotra.

29. Arya Hastin of the Kasyapa gotra.

30. Arya Dharma of the Suvrata gotra.

31. Arya Simha of the Kasyapa gotra.

32. Arya Dhama of the Kasyapa gotra.

33. Arya Sandilya.

Bowing down my head, I pay my reverence to the Sthavira Gambu of The Gautama gotra, who possessed steady virtue, good conduct, and knowledge. ix.

I prostrate myself before the Sthavara Nandita, of Kasyapa gotra, who is possessed of great clemency and of knowledge, intuition, and good conduct. x.

Then I adore the Kshamasramana Desiganin of the Kasyapa gotra, who, steady in his conduct, possesses.the highest righteousness and virtue. xi.

Then I prostrate myself before the Kshamaramama Sthiragupta of the Vatsya gotra, the preserver of the sacred lore, the wise one, the ocean of wisdom, him of great virtue. xii.

Then I adore the Sthavira prince, Dharma, the virtuous Ganin, who stands well in knowledge, intuition, good conduct, and penance, and is rich in virtues. xiii.

I revere the Kshamasramama Devarddhi of the Kasyapa gotra, who wears, as it were, the jewel of the right understanding of the Sutras, and possesses the virtues of patience, self-restraint, and clemency. xiv.

End of the List of the Sthaviras.

 


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