In the name of Allah, the
Beneficent, the Merciful.
[9.1] (This is a
declaration of) immunity by Allah and His Apostle towards those
of the idolaters with whom you made an agreement.
[9.2] So go about in the land for four months and know
that you cannot weaken Allah and that Allah will bring disgrace
to the unbelievers.
[9.3] And an announcement from Allah and His Apostle to
the people on the day of the greater pilgrimage that Allah and
His Apostle are free from liability to the idolaters; therefore
if you repent, it will be better for you, and if you turn back,
then know that you will not weaken Allah; and announce painful
punishment to those who disbelieve.
[9.4] Except those of the idolaters with whom you made an
agreement, then they have not failed you in anything and have
not backed up any one against you, so fulfill their agreement to
the end of their term; surely Allah loves those who are careful
(of their duty).
[9.5] So when the sacred months have passed away, then
slay the idolaters wherever you find them, and take them
captives and besiege them and lie in wait for them in every
ambush, then if they repent and keep up prayer and pay the
poor-rate, leave their way free to them; surely Allah is
[9.6] And if one of the idolaters seek protection from
you, grant him protection till he hears the word of Allah, then
make him attain his place of safety; this is because they are a
people who do not know.
[9.7] How can there be an agreement for the idolaters
with Allah and with His Apostle; except those with whom you made
an agreement at the Sacred Mosque? So as long as they are true
to you, be true to them; surely Allah loves those who are
careful (of their duty).
[9.8] How (can it be)! while if they prevail against you,
they would not pay regard in your case to ties of relationship,
nor those of covenant; they please you with their mouths while
their hearts do not consent; and most of them are transgressors.
[9.9] They have taken a small price for the
communications of Allah, so they turn away from His way; surely
evil is it that they do.
[9.10] They do not pay regard to ties of relationship nor
those of covenant in the case of a believer; and these are they
who go beyond the limits.
[9.11] But if they repent and keep up prayer and pay the
poor-rate, they are your brethren in faith; and We make the
communications clear for a people who know.
[9.12] And if they break their oaths after their
agreement and (openly) revile your religion, then fight the
leaders of unbelief-- surely their oaths are nothing-- so that
they may desist.
[9.13] What! will you not fight a people who broke their
oaths and aimed at the expulsion of the Apostle, and they
attacked you first; do you fear them? But Allah is most
deserving that you should fear Him, if you are believers.
[9.14] Fight them, Allah will punish them by your hands
and bring them to disgrace, and assist you against them and heal
the hearts of a believing people.
[9.15] And remove the rage of their hearts; and Allah
turns (mercifully) to whom He pleases, and Allah is Knowing,
[9.16] What! do you think that you will be left alone
while Allah has not yet known those of you who have struggled
hard and have not taken any one as an adherent besides Allah and
His Apostle and the believers; and Allah is aware of what you
[9.17] The idolaters have no right to visit the mosques
of Allah while bearing witness to unbelief against themselves,
these it is whose doings are null, and in the fire shall they
[9.18] Only he shall visit the mosques of Allah who
believes in Allah and the latter day, and keeps up prayer and
pays the poor-rate and fears none but Allah; so (as for) these,
it may be that they are of the followers of the right course.
[9.19] What! do you make (one who undertakes) the giving
of drink to the pilgrims and the guarding of the Sacred Mosque
like him who believes in Allah and the latter day and strives
hard in Allah's way? They are not equal with Allah; and Allah
does not guide the unjust people.
[9.20] Those who believed and fled (their homes), and
strove hard in Allah's way with their property and their souls,
are much higher in rank with Allah; and those are they who are
the achievers (of their objects).
[9.21] Their Lord gives them good news of mercy from
Himself and (His) good pleasure and gardens, wherein lasting
blessings shall be theirs;
[9.22] Abiding therein for ever; surely Allah has a
Mighty reward with Him.
[9.23] O you who believe! do not take your fathers and
your brothers for guardians if they love unbelief more than
belief; and whoever of you takes them for a guardian, these it
is that are the unjust.
[9.24] Say: If your fathers and your sons and your
brethren and your mates and your kinsfolk and property which you
have acquired, and the slackness of trade which you fear and
dwellings which you like, are dearer to you than Allah and His
Apostle and striving in His way, then wait till Allah brings
about His command: and Allah does not guide the transgressing
[9.25] Certainly Allah helped you in many battlefields
and on the day of Hunain, when your great numbers made you vain,
but they availed you nothing and the earth became strait to you
notwithstanding its spaciousness, then you turned back
[9.26] Then Allah sent down His tranquillity upon His
Apostle and upon the believers, and sent down hosts which you
did not see, and chastised those who disbelieved, and that is
the reward of the unbelievers.
[9.27] Then will Allah after this turn (mercifully) to
whom He pleases, and Allah is Forgiving, Merciful.
[9.28] O you who believe! the idolaters are nothing but
unclean, so they shall not approach the Sacred Mosque after this
year; and if you fear poverty then Allah will enrich you out of
His grace if He please; surely Allah is Knowing Wise.
[9.29] Fight those who do not believe in Allah, nor in
the latter day, nor do they prohibit what Allah and His Apostle
have prohibited, nor follow the religion of truth, out of those
who have been given the Book, until they pay the tax in
acknowledgment of superiority and they are in a state of
[9.30] And the Jews say: Uzair is the son of Allah; and
the Christians say: The Messiah is the son of Allah; these are
the words of their mouths; they imitate the saying of those who
disbelieved before; may Allah destroy them; how they are turned
[9.31] They have taken their doctors of law and their
monks for lords besides Allah, and (also) the Messiah son of
Marium and they were enjoined that they should serve one God
only, there is no god but He; far from His glory be what they
set up (with Him).
[9.32] They desire to put out the light of Allah with
their mouths, and Allah will not consent save to perfect His
light, though the unbelievers are averse.
[9.33] He it is Who sent His Apostle with guidance and
the religion of truth, that He might cause it to prevail over
all religions, though the polytheists may be averse.
[9.34] O you who believe! most surely many of the doctors
of law and the monks eat away the property of men falsely, and
turn (them) from Allah's way; and (as for) those who hoard up
gold and silver and do not spend it in Allah's way, announce to
them a painful chastisement,
[9.35] On the day when it shall be heated in the fire of
hell, then their foreheads and their sides and their backs shall
be branded with it; this is what you hoarded up for yourselves,
therefore taste what you hoarded.
[9.36] Surely the number of months with Allah is twelve
months in Allah's ordinance since the day when He created the
heavens and the earth, of these four being sacred; that is the
right reckoning; therefore be not unjust to yourselves regarding
them, and fight the polytheists all together as they fight you
all together; and know that Allah is with those who guard
[9.37] Postponing (of the sacred month) is only an
addition in unbelief, wherewith those who disbelieve are led
astray, violating it one year and keeping it sacred another,
that they may agree in the number (of months) that Allah has
made sacred, and thus violate what Allah has made sacred; the
evil of their doings is made fairseeming to them; and Allah does
not guide the unbelieving people.
[9.38] O you who believe! What (excuse) have you that
when it is said to you: Go forth in Allah's way, you should
incline heavily to earth; are you contented with this world's
life instead of the hereafter? But the provision of this world's
life compared with the hereafter is but little.
[9.39] If you do not go forth, He will chastise you with
a painful chastisement and bring in your place a people other
than you, and you will do Him no harm; and Allah has power over
[9.40] If you will not aid him, Allah certainly aided him
when those who disbelieved expelled him, he being the second of
the two, when they were both in the cave, when he said to his
companion: Grieve not, surely Allah is with us. So Allah sent
down His tranquillity upon him and strengthened him with hosts
which you did not see, and made lowest the word of those who
disbelieved; and the word of Allah, that is the highest; and
Allah is Mighty, Wise.
[9.41] Go forth light and heavy, and strive hard in
Allah's way with your property and your persons; this is better
for you, if you know.
[9.42] Had it been a near advantage and a short journey,
they would certainly have followed you, but the tedious journey
was too long for them; and they swear by Allah: If we had been
able, we would certainly have gone forth with you; they cause
their own souls to perish, and Allah knows that they are most
[9.43] Allah pardon you! Why did you give them leave
until those who spoke the truth had become manifest to you and
you had known the liars?
[9.44] They do not ask leave of you who believe in Allah
and the latter day (to stay away) from striving hard with their
property and their persons, and Allah knows those who guard
[9.45] They only ask leave of you who do not believe in
Allah and the latter day and their hearts are in doubt, so in
their doubt do they waver.
[9.46] And if they had intended to go forth, they would
certainly have provided equipment for it, but Allah did not like
their going forth, so He withheld them, and it was said (to
them): Hold back with those who hold back.
[9.47] Had they gone forth with you, they would not have
added to you aught save corruption, and they would certainly
have hurried about among you seeking (to sow) dissension among
you, and among you there are those who hearken for their sake;
and Allah knows the unjust.
[9.48] Certainly they sought (to sow) dissension before,
and they meditated plots against you until the truth came, and
Allah's commandment prevailed although they were averse (from
[9.49] And among them there is he who says: Allow me and
do not try me. Surely into trial have they already tumbled down,
and most surely hell encompasses the unbelievers.
[9.50] If good befalls you, it grieves them, and if
hardship afflicts you, they say: Indeed we had taken care of our
affair before; and they turn back and are glad.
[9.51] Say: Nothing will afflict us save what Allah has
ordained for us; He is our.Patron; and on Allah let the
[9.52] Say: Do you await for us but one of two most
excellent things? And we await for you that Allah will afflict
you with punishment from Himself or by our hands. So wait; we
too will wait with you.
[9.53] Say: Spend willingly or unwillingly, it shall not
be accepted from you; surely you are a transgressing people.
[9.54] And nothing hinders their spendings being accepted
from them, except that they disbelieve in Allah and in His
Apostle and they do not come to prayer but while they are
sluggish, and they do not spend but while they are unwilling.
[9.55] Let not then their property and their children
excite your admiration; Allah only wishes to chastise them with
these in this world's life and (that) their souls may depart
while they are unbelievers.
[9.56] And they swear by Allah that they are most surely
of you, and they are not of you, but they are a people who are
afraid (of you).
[9.57] If they could find a refuge or cave or a place to
enter into, they would certainly have turned thereto, running
away in all haste.
[9.58] And of them there are those who blame you with
respect to the alms; so if they are given from it they are
pleased, and if they are not given from it, lo! they are full of
[9.59] And if they were content with what Allah and His
Apostle gave them, and had said: Allah is sufficient for us;
Allah will soon give us (more) out of His grace and His Apostle
too; surely to Allah do we make our petition.
[9.60] Alms are only for the poor and the needy, and the
officials (appointed) over them, and those whose hearts are made
to incline (to truth) and the (ransoming of) captives and those
in debts and in the way of Allah and the wayfarer; an ordinance
from Allah; and Allah is knowing, Wise.
[9.61] And there are some of them who molest the Prophet
and say: He is one who believes every thing that he hears; say:
A hearer of good for you (who) believes in Allah and believes
the faithful and a mercy for those of you who believe; and (as
for) those who molest the Apostle of Allah, they shall have a
[9.62] They swear to you by Allah that they might please
you and, Allah, as well as His Apostle, has a greater right that
they should please Him, if they are believers.
[9.63] Do they not know that whoever acts in opposition
to Allah and His Apostle, he shall surely have the fire of hell
to abide in it? That is the grievous abasement.
[9.64] The hypocrites fear lest a chapter should be sent
down to them telling them plainly of what is in their hearts.
Say: Go on mocking, surely Allah will bring forth what you fear.
[9.65] And if you should question them, they would
certainly say: We were only idly discoursing and sporting. Say:
Was it at Allah and His communications and His Apostle that you
[9.66] Do not make excuses; you have denied indeed after
you had believed; if We pardon a party of you, We will chastise
(another) party because they are guilty.
[9.67] The hypocritical men and the hypocritical women
are all alike; they enjoin evil and forbid good and withhold
their hands; they have forsaken Allah, so He has forsaken them;
surely the hypocrites are the transgressors.
[9.68] Allah has promised the hypocritical men and the
hypocritical women and the unbelievers the fire of hell to abide
therein; it is enough for them; and Allah has cursed them and
they shall have lasting punishment.
[9.69] Like those before you; they were stronger than you
in power and more abundant in wealth and children, so they
enjoyed their portion; thus have you enjoyed your portion as
those before you enjoyed their portion; and you entered into
vain discourses like the vain discourses in which entered those
before you. These are they whose works are null in this world
and the hereafter, and these are they who are the losers.
[9.70] Has not the news of those before them come to
them; of the people of Nuh and Ad and Samood, and the people of
Ibrahim and the dwellers of Madyan and the overthrown cities;
their apostles came to them with clear arguments; so it was not
Allah Who should do them injustice, but they were unjust to
[9.71] And (as for) the believing men and the believing
women, they are guardians of each other; they enjoin good and
forbid evil and keep up prayer and pay the poor-rate, and obey
Allah and His Apostle; (as for) these, Allah will show mercy to
them; surely Allah is Mighty, Wise.
[9.72] Allah has promised to the believing men and the
believing women gardens, beneath which rivers flow, to abide in
them, and goodly dwellings in gardens of perpetual abode; and
best of all is Allah's goodly pleasure; that is the grand
[9.73] O Prophet! strive hard against the unbelievers and
the hypocrites and be unyielding to them; and their abode is
hell, and evil is the destination.
[9.74] They swear by Allah that they did not speak, and
certainly they did speak, the word of unbelief, and disbelieved
after their Islam, and they had determined upon what they have
not been able to effect, and they did not find fault except
because Allah and His Apostle enriched them out of His grace;
therefore if they repent, it will be good for them; and if they
turn back, Allah will chastise them with a painful chastisement
in this world and the hereafter, and they shall not have in the
land any guardian or a helper.
[9.75] And there are those of them who made a covenant
with Allah: If He give us out of His grace, we will certainly
give alms and we will certainly be of the good.
[9.76] But when He gave them out of His grace, they
became niggardly of it and they turned back and they withdrew.
[9.77] So He made hypocrisy to follow as a consequence
into their hearts till the day when they shall meet Him because
they failed to perform towards Allah what they had promised with
Him and because they told lies.
[9.78] Do they not know that Allah knows their hidden
thoughts and their secret counsels, and that Allah is the great
Knower of the unseen things?
[9.79] They who taunt those of the faithful who give
their alms freely, and those who give to the extent of their
earnings and scoff at them; Allah will pay them back their
scoffing, and they shall have a painful chastisement.
[9.80] Ask forgiveness for them or do not ask forgiveness
for them; even if you ask forgiveness for them seventy times,
Allah will not forgive them; this is because they disbelieve in
Allah and His Apostle, and Allah does not guide the
[9.81] Those who were left behind were glad on account of
their sitting behind Allah's Apostle and they were averse from
striving m Allah's way with their property and their persons,
and said: Do not go forth in the heat. Say: The fire of hell is
much severe in heat. Would that they understood (it).
[9.82] Therefore they shall laugh little and weep much as
a recompense for what they earned.
[9.83] Therefore if Allah brings you back to a party of
them and then they ask your permission to go forth, say: By no
means shall you ever go forth with me and by no means shall you
fight an enemy with me; surely you chose to sit the first time,
therefore sit (now) with those who remain behind.
[9.84] And never offer prayer for any one of them who
dies and do not stand by his grave; surely they disbelieve in
Allah and His Apostle and they shall die in transgression.
[9.85] And let not their property and their children
excite your admlration; Allah only wishes to chastise them with
these in this world and (that) their souls may depart while they
[9.86] And whenever a chapter is revealed, saying:
Believe in Allah and strive hard along with His Apostle, those
having ampleness of means ask permission of you and say: Leave
us (behind), that we may be with those who sit.
[9.87] They preferred to be with those who remained
behind, and a seal is set on their hearts so they do not
[9.88] But the Apostle and those who believe with him
strive hard with their property and their persons; and these it
is who shall have the good things and these it is who shall be
[9.89] Allah has prepared for them gardens beneath which
rivers flow, to abide in them; that is the great achievement.
And the defaulters from among the dwellers of the desert came
that permission may be given to them and they sat (at home) who
lied to Allah and His Apostle; a painful chastisement shall
afflict those of them who disbelieved.
[9.91] It shall be no crime in the weak, nor in the sick,
nor in those who do not find what they should spend (to stay
behind), so long as they are sincere to Allah and His Apostle;
there is no way (to blame) against the doers of good; and Allah
is Forgiving, Merciful;
[9.92] Nor in those who when they came to you that you
might carry them, you said: I cannot find that on which to carry
you; they went back while their eyes overflowed with tears on
account of grief for not finding that which they should spend.
[9.93] The way (to blame) is only against those who ask
permission of you though they are rich; they have chosen to be
with those who remained behind, and Allah has set a seal upon
their hearts so they do not know.
[9.94] They will excuse themselves to you when you go
back to them. Say: Urge no excuse, by no means will we believe
you; indeed Allah has informed us of matters relating to you;
and now Allah and His Apostle will see your doings, then you
shall be brought back to the Knower of the unseen and the seen,
then He will inform you of what you did.
[9.95] They will swear to you by Allah when you return to
them so that you may turn aside from them; so do turn aside from
them; surely they are unclean and their abode is hell; a
recompense for what they earned.
[9.96] They will swear to you that you may be pleased
with them; but if you are pleased with them, yet surely Allah is
not pleased with the transgressing people.
[9.97] The dwellers of the desert are very hard in
unbelief and hypocrisy, and more disposed not to know the limits
of what Allah has revealed to His Apostle; and Allah is Knowing,
[9.98] And of the dwellers of the desert are those who
take what they spend to be a fine, and they wait (the befalling
of) calamities to you; on them (will be) the evil calamity; and
Allah is Hearing, Knowing.
[9.99] And of the dwellers of the desert are those who
believe in Allah and the latter day and take what they spend to
be (means of) the nearness of Allah and the Apostle's prayers;
surely it shall be means of nearness for them; Allah will make
them enter into His mercy; surely Allah is Forgiving, Merciful.
[9.100] And (as for) the foremost, the first of the
Muhajirs and the Ansars, and those who followed them in
goodness, Allah is well pleased with them and they are well
pleased with Him, and He has prepared for them gardens beneath
which rivers flOw, to abide in them for ever; that is the mighty
[9.101] And from among those who are round about you of
the dwellers of the desert there are hypocrites, and from among
the people of Medina (also); they are stubborn in hypocrisy; you
do not know them; We know them; We will chastise them twice then
shall they be turned back to a grievous chastisement
[9.102] And others have confessed their faults, they have
mingled a good deed and an evil one; may be Allah will turn to
them (mercifully); surely Allah is Forgiving, Merciful.
[9.103] Take alms out of their property, you would
cleanse them and purify them thereby, and pray for them; surely
your prayer is a relief to them; and Allah is Hearing, Knowing.
[9.104] Do they not know that Allah accepts repentance
from His servants and takes the alms, and that Allah is the
Oft-returning (to mercy), the Merciful?
[9.105] And say: Work; so Allah will see your work and
(so will) His Apostle and the believers; and you shall be
brought back to the Knower of the unseen and the seen, then He
will inform you of what you did.
[9.106] And others are made to await Allah's command,
whether He chastise them or whether He turn to them
(mercifully), and Allah is Knowing, Wise.
[9.107] And those who built a masjid to cause harm and
for unbelief and to cause disunion among the believers and an
ambush to him who made war against Allah and His Apostle before;
and they will certainly swear: We did not desire aught but good;
and Allah bears witness that they are most surely liars.
[9.108] Never stand in it; certainly a masjid founded on
piety from the very first day is more deserving that you should
stand in it; in it are men who love that they should be
purified; and Allah loves those who purify themselves.
[9.109] Is he, therefore, better who lays his foundation
on fear of Allah and (His) good pleasure, or he who lays his
foundation on the edge of a cracking hollowed bank, so it broke
down with him into the fire of hell; and Allah does not guide
the unjust people.
[9.110] The building which they have built will ever
continue to be a source of disquiet in their hearts, except that
their hearts get cut into pieces; and Allah is Knowing, Wise.
[9.111] Surely Allah has bought of the believers their
persons and their property for this, that they shall have the
garden; they fight in Allah's way, so they slay and are slain; a
promise which is binding on Him in the Taurat and the Injeel and
the Quran; and who is more faithful to his covenant than Allah?
Rejoice therefore in the pledge which you have made; and that is
the mighty achievement.
[9.112] They who turn (to Allah), who serve (Him), who
praise (Him), who fast, who bow down, who prostrate themselves,
who enjoin what is good and forbid what is evil, and who keep
the limits of Allah; and give good news to the believers.
[9.113] It is not (fit) for the Prophet and those who
believe that they should ask forgiveness for the polytheists,
even though they should be near relatives, after it has become
clear to them that they are inmates of the flaming fire.
[9.114] And Ibrahim asking forgiveness for his sire was
only owing to a promise which he had made to him; but when it
became clear to him that he was an enemy of Allah, he declared
himself to be clear of him; most surely Ibrahim was very
[9.115] It is not (attributable to) Allah that He should
lead a people astray after He has guided them; He even makes
clear to them what they should guard against; surely Allah knows
[9.116] Surely Allah's is the kingdom of the heavens and
the earth; He brings to life and causes to die; and there is not
for you besides Allah any Guardian or Helper.
[9.117] Certainly Allah has turned (mercifully) to the
Prophet and those who fled (their homes) and the helpers who
followed him in the hour of straitness after the hearts of a
part of them were about to deviate, then He turned to them
(mercifully); surely to them He is Compassionate, Merciful.
[9.118] And to the three who were left behind, until the
earth became strait to them notwithstanding its spaciousness and
their souls were also straitened to them; and they knew it for
certain that there was no refuge from Allah but in Him; then He
turned to them (mercifully) that they might turn (to Him);
surely Allah is the Oft-returning (to mercy), the Merciful.
[9.119] O you who believe! be careful of (your duty to)
Allah and be with the true ones.
[9.120] It did not beseem the people of Medina and those
round about them of the dwellers of the desert to remain behind
the Apostle of Allah, nor should they desire (anything) for
themselves in preference to him; this is because there afflicts
them not thirst or fatigue or hunger in Allah's way, nor do they
tread a path which enrages the unbelievers, nor do they attain
from the enemy what they attain, but a good work is written down
to them on account of it; surely Allah does not waste the reward
of the doers of good;
[9.121] Nor do they spend anything that may be spent,
small or great, nor do they traverse a valley, but it is written
down to their credit, that Allah may reward them with the best
of what they have done.
[9.122] And it does not beseem the believers that they
should go forth all together; why should not then a company from
every party from among them go forth that they may apply
themselves to obtain understanding in religion, and that they
may warn their people when they come back to them that they may
[9.123] O you who believe! fight those of the unbelievers
who are near to you and let them find in you hardness; and know
that Allah is with those who guard (against evil).
[9.124] And whenever a chapter is revealed, there are
some of them who say: Which of you has it strengthened in faith?
Then as for those who believe, it strengthens them in faith and
[9.125] And as for those in whose hearts is a disease, it
adds uncleanness to their uncleanness and they die while they
[9.126] Do they not see that they are tried once or twice
in every year, yet they do not turn (to Allah) nor do they mind.
[9.127] And whenever a chapter is revealed, they cast
glances at one another: Does any one see you? Then they turn
away: Allah has turned away their hearts because they are a
people who do not understand.
[9.128] Certainly an Apostle has come to you from among
yourselves; grievous to him is your falling into distress,
excessively solicitous respecting you; to the believers (he is)
[9.129] But if they turn back, say: Allah is sufficient
for me, there is no god but He; on Him do I rely, and He is the
Lord of mighty power.