In the name of Allah, the
Beneficent, the Merciful.
[24.1] (This is) a chapter
which We have revealed and made obligatory and in which We have
revealed clear communications that you may be mindful.
[24.2] (As for) the fornicatress and the fornicator, flog
each of them, (giving) a hundred stripes, and let not pity for
them detain you in the matter of obedience to Allah, if you
believe in Allah and the last day, and let a party of believers
witness their chastisement.
[24.3] The fornicator shall not marry any but a
fornicatress or idolatress, and (as for) the fornicatress, none
shall marry her but a fornicator or an idolater; and it is
forbidden to the believers.
[24.4] And those who accuse free women then do not bring
four witnesses, flog them, (giving) eighty stripes, and do not
admit any evidence from them ever; and these it is that are the
[24.5] Except those who repent after this and act aright,
for surely Allah is Forgiving, Merciful.
[24.6] And (as for) those who accuse their wives and have
no witnesses except themselves, the evidence of one of these
(should be taken) four times, bearing Allah to witness that he
is most surely of the truthful ones.
[24.7] And the fifth (time) that the curse of Allah be on
him if he is one of the liars.
[24.8] And it shall avert the chastisement from her if
she testify four times, bearing Allah to witness that he is most
surely one of the liars;
[24.9] And the fifth (time) that the wrath of Allah be on
her if he is one of the truthful.
[24.10] And were it not for Allah's grace upon you and
His mercy-- and that Allah is Oft-returning (to mercy), Wise!
[24.11] Surely they who concocted the lie are a party
from among you. Do not regard it an evil to you; nay, it is good
for you. Every man of them shall have what he has earned of sin;
and (as for) him who took upon himself the main part thereof, he
shall have a grievous chastisement.
[24.12] Why did not the believing men and the believing
women, when you heard it, think well of their own people, and
say: This is an evident falsehood?
[24.13] Why did they not bring four witnesses of it? But
as they have not brought witnesses they are liars before Allah.
[24.14] And were it not for Allah's grace upon you and
His mercy in this world and the hereafter, a grievous
chastisement would certainly have touched you on account of the
discourse which you entered into.
[24.15] When you received it with your tongues and spoke
with your mouths what you had no knowledge of, and you deemed it
an easy matter while with Allah it was grievous.
[24.16] And why did you not, when you heard it, say: It
does not beseem us that we should talk of it; glory be to Thee!
this is a great calumny?
[24.17] Allah admonishes you that you should not return
to the like of it ever again if you are believers.
[24.18] And Allah makes clear to you the communications;
and Allah is Knowing, Wise.
[24.19] Surely (as for) those who love that scandal
should circulate respecting those who believe, they shall have a
grievous chastisement in this world and the hereafter; and Allah
knows, while you do not know.
[24.20] And were it not for Allah's grace on you and His
mercy, and that Allah is Compassionate, Merciful.
[24.21] O you who believe! do not follow the footsteps of
the Shaitan, and whoever follows the footsteps of the Shaitan,
then surely he bids the doing of indecency and evil; and were it
not for Allah's grace upon you and His mercy, not one of you
would have ever been pure, but Allah purifies whom He pleases;
and Allah is Hearing, Knowing.
[24.22] And let not those of you who possess grace and
abundance swear against giving to the near of kin and the poor
and those who have fled in Allah's way, and they should pardon
and turn away. Do you not love that Allah should forgive you?
And Allah is Forgiving, Merciful.
[24.23] Surely those who accuse chaste believing women,
unaware (of the evil), are cursed in this world and the
hereafter, and they shall have a grievous chastisement.
[24.24] On the day when their tongues and their hands and
their feet shall bear witness against them as to what they did.
[24.25] On that day Allah will pay back to them in full
their just reward, and they shall know that Allah is the evident
[24.26] Bad women .are for bad men and bad men are for
bad women. Good women are for good men and good men are for good
[24.27] O you who believe! Do not enter houses other than
your own houses until you have asked permission and saluted
their inmates; this is better for you, that you may be mindful.
[24.28] But if you do not find any one therein, then do
not enter them until permission is given to you; and if it is
said to you: Go back, then go back; this is purer for you; and
Allah is Cognizant of what you do.
[24.29] It is no sin in you that you enter uninhabited
houses wherein you have your necessaries; and Allah knows what
you do openly and what you hide.
[24.30] Say to the believing men that they cast down
their looks and guard their private parts; that is purer for
them; surely Allah is Aware of what they do.
[24.31] And say to the believing women that they cast
down their looks and guard their private parts and do not
display their ornaments except what appears thereof, and let
them wear their head-coverings over their bosoms, and not
display their ornaments except to their husbands or their
fathers, or the fathers of their husbands, or their sons, or the
sons of their husbands, or their brothers, or their brothers'
sons, or their sisters' sons, or their women, or those whom
their right hands possess, or the male servants not having need
(of women), or the children who have not attained knowledge of
what is hidden of women; and let them not strike their feet so
that what they hide of their ornaments may be known; and turn to
Allah all of you, O believers! so that you may be successful.
[24.32] And marry those among you who are single and
those who are fit among your male slaves and your female slaves;
if they are needy, Allah will make them free from want out of
His grace; and Allah is Ample-giving, Knowing.
[24.33] And let those who do not find the means to marry
keep chaste until Allah makes them free from want out of His
grace. And (as for) those who ask for a writing from among those
whom your right hands possess, give them the writing if you know
any good in them, and give them of the wealth of Allah which He
has given you; and do not compel your slave girls to
prostitution, when they desire to keep chaste, in order to seek
the frail good of this world's life; and whoever compels them,
then surely after their compulsion Allah is Forgiving, Merciful.
[24.34] And certainly We have sent to you clear
communications and a description of those who have passed away
before you, and an admonition to those who guard (against evil).
[24.35] Allah is the light of the heavens and the earth;
a likeness of His light is as a niche in which is a lamp, the
lamp is in a glass, (and) the glass is as it were a brightly
shining star, lit from a blessed olive-tree, neither eastern nor
western, the oil whereof almost gives light though fire touch it
not-- light upon light-- Allah guides to His light whom He
pleases, and Allah sets forth parables for men, and Allah is
Cognizant of all things.
[24.36] In houses which Allah has permitted to be exalted
and that His name may be remembered in them; there glorify Him
therein in the mornings and the evenings,
[24.37] Men whom neither merchandise nor selling diverts
from the remembrance of Allah and the keeping up of prayer and
the giving of poor-rate; they fear a day in which the hearts and
eyes shall turn about;
[24.38] That Allah may give them the best reward of what
they have done, and give them more out of His grace; and Allah
gives sustenance to whom He pleases without measure.
[24.39] And (as for) those who disbelieve, their deeds
are like the mirage in a desert, which the thirsty man deems to
be water; until when he comes to it he finds it to be naught,
and there he finds Allah, so He pays back to him his reckoning
in full; and Allah is quick in reckoning;
[24.40] Or like utter darkness in the deep sea: there
covers it a wave above which is another wave, above which is a
cloud, (layers of) utter darkness one above another; when he
holds out his hand, he is almost unable to see it; and to
whomsoever Allah does not give light, he has no light.
[24.41] Do you not see that Allah is He Whom do glorify
all those who are in the heavens and the earth, and the (very)
birds with expanded wings? He knows the prayer of each one and
its glorification, and Allah is Cognizant of what they do.
[24.42] And Allah's is the kingdom of the heavens and the
earth, and to Allah is the eventual coming.
[24.43] Do you not see that Allah drives along the
clouds, then gathers them together, then piles them up, so that
you see the rain coming forth from their midst? And He sends
down of the clouds that are (like) mountains wherein is hail,
afflicting therewith whom He pleases and turning it away from
whom He pleases; the flash of His lightning almost takes away
[24.44] Allah turns over the night and the day; most
surely there is a lesson in this for those who have sight.
[24.45] And Allah has created from water every living
creature: so of them is that which walks upon its belly, and of
them is that which walks upon two feet, and of them is that
which walks upon four; Allah creates what He pleases; surely
Allah has power over all things.
[24.46] Certainly We have revealed clear communications,
and Allah guides whom He pleases to the right way.
[24.47] And they say: We believe in Allah and in the
apostle and we obey; then a party of them turn back after this,
and these are not believers.
[24.48] And when they are called to Allah and His Apostle
that he may judge between them, lo! a party of them turn aside.
[24.49] And if the truth be on their side, they come to
him quickly, obedient.
[24.50] Is there in their hearts a disease, or are they
in doubt, or do they fear that Allah and His Apostle will act
wrongfully towards them? Nay! they themselves are the unjust.
[24.51] The response of the believers, when they are
invited to Allah and His Apostle that he may judge between them,
is only to say: We hear and we obey; and these it is that are
[24.52] And he who obeys Allah and His Apostle, and fears
Allah, and is careful of (his duty to) Him, these it is that are
[24.53] And they swear by Allah with the most energetic
of their oaths that if you command them they would certainly go
forth. Say: Swear not; reasonable obedience (is desired); surely
Allah is aware of what you do.
[24.54] Say: Obey Allah and obey the Apostle; but if you
turn back, then on him rests that which is imposed on him and on
you rests that which is imposed on you; and if you obey him, you
are on the right way; and nothing rests on the Apostle but clear
delivering (of the message).
[24.55] Allah has promised to those of you who believe
and do good that He will most certainly make them rulers in the
earth as He made rulers those before them, and that He will most
certainly establish for them their religion which He has chosen
for them, and that He will most certainly, after their fear,
give them security in exchange; they shall serve Me, not
associating aught with Me; and whoever is ungrateful after this,
these it is who are the. transgressors.
[24.56] And keep up prayer and pay the poor-rate and obey
the Apostle, so that mercy may be shown to you.
[24.57] Think not that those who disbelieve shall escape
in the earth, and their abode is the fire; and certainly evil is
[24.58] O you who believe! let those whom your right
hands possess and those of you who have not attained to puberty
ask permission of you three times; before the morning prayer,
and when you put off your clothes at midday in summer, and after
the prayer of the nightfall; these are three times of privacy
for you; neither is it a sin for you nor for them besides these,
some of you must go round about (waiting) upon others; thus does
Allah make clear to you the communications, and Allah is
[24.59] And when the children among you have attained to
puberty, let them seek permission as those before them sought
permission; thus does Allah make clear to you His
communications, and Allah is knowing, Wise.
[24.60] And (as for) women advanced in years who do not
hope for a marriage, it is no sin for them if they put off their
clothes without displaying their ornaments; and if they restrain
themselves it is better for them; and Allah is Hearing, Knowing.
[24.61] There is no blame on the blind man, nor is there
blame on the lame, nor is there blame on the sick, nor on
yourselves that you eat from your houses, or your fathers'
houses or your mothers' houses, or your brothers' houses, or
your sisters' houses, or your paternal uncles' houses, or your
paternal aunts' houses, or your maternal uncles' houses, or your
maternal aunts' houses, or what you possess the keys of, or your
friends' (houses). It is no sin in you that you eat together or
separately. So when you enter houses, greet your people with a
salutation from Allah, blessed (and) goodly; thus does Allah
make clear to you the communications that you may understand.
[24.62] Only those are believers who believe in Allah and
His Apostle, and when they are with him on a momentous affair
they go not away until they have asked his permission; surely
they who ask your permission are they who believe in Allah and
His Apostle; so when they ask your permission for some affair of
theirs, give permission to whom you please of them and ask
forgiveness for them from Allah; surely Allah is Forgiving,
[24.63] Do not hold the Apostle's calling (you) among you
to be like your calling one to the other; Allah indeed knows
those who steal away from among you, concealing themselves;
therefore let those beware who go against his order lest a trial
afflict them or there befall them a painful chastisement.
[24.64] Now surely Allah's is whatever is in the heavens
and the earth; He knows indeed that to which you are conforming
yourselves; and on the day on which they are returned to Him He
will inform them of what they did; and Allah is Cognizant of all