1 And it happened, after that Alexander son of Philip, the
Macedonian, who came out of the land of Chettiim, had smitten
Darius king of the Persians and Medes, that he reigned in his
stead, the first over Greece,
2 And made many wars, and won many strong holds, and slew the
kings of the earth,
3 And went through to the ends of the earth, and took spoils of
many nations, insomuch that the earth was quiet before him;
whereupon he was exalted and his heart was lifted up.
4 And he gathered a mighty strong host and ruled over countries,
and nations, and kings, who became tributaries unto him.
5 And after these things he fell sick, and perceived that he
6 Wherefore he called his servants, such as were honourable, and
had been brought up with him from his youth, and parted his
kingdom among them, while he was yet alive.
7 So Alexander reigned twelves years, and then died.
8 And his servants bare rule every one in his place.
9 And after his death they all put crowns upon themselves; so
did their sons after them many years and evils were multiplied
in the earth.
10 And there came out of them a wicked root Antiochus surnamed
Epiphanes, son of Antiochus the king, who had been an hostage at
Rome, and he reigned in the hundred and thirty and seventh year
of the kingdom of the Greeks.
11 In those days went there out of Israel wicked men, who
persuaded many, saying, Let us go and make a covenant with the
heathen that are round about us for since we departed from them
we have had much sorrow.
12 So this device pleased them well.
13 Then certain of the people were so forward herein, that they
went to the king, who gave them licence to do after the
ordinances of the heathen:
14 Whereupon they built a place of exercise at Jerusalem
according to the customs of the heathen:
15 And made themselves uncircumcised, and forsook the holy
covenant, and joined themselves to the heathen, and were sold to
16 Now when the kingdom was established before Antiochus, he
thought to reign over Egypt that he might have the dominion of
17 Wherefore he entered into Egypt with a great multitude, with
chariots, and elephants, and horsemen, and a great navy,
18 And made war against Ptolemee king of Egypt but Ptolemee was
afraid of him, and fled; and many were wounded to death.
19 Thus they got the strong cities in the land of Egypt and he
took the spoils thereof.
20 And after that Antiochus had smitten Egypt, he returned again
in the hundred forty and third year, and went up against Israel
and Jerusalem with a great multitude,
21 And entered proudly into the sanctuary, and took away the
golden altar, and the candlestick of light, and all the vessels
22 And the table of the shewbread, and the pouring vessels, and
the vials. and the censers of gold, and the veil, and the crown,
and the golden ornaments that were before the temple, all which
he pulled off.
23 He took also the silver and the gold, and the precious
vessels also he took the hidden treasures which he found.
24 And when he had taken all away, he went into his own land,
having made a great massacre, and spoken very proudly.
25 Therefore there was a great mourning in Israel, in every
place where they were;
26 So that the princes and elders mourned, the virgins and young
men were made feeble, and the beauty of women was changed.
27 Every bridegroom took up lamentation, and she that sat in the
marriage chamber was in heaviness,
28 The land also was moved for the inhabitants thereof, and all
the house of Jacob was covered with confusion.
29 And after two years fully expired the king sent his chief
collector of tribute unto the cities of Juda, who came unto
Jerusalem with a great multitude,
30 And spake peaceable words unto them, but all was deceit for
when they had given him credence, he fell suddenly upon the
city, and smote it very sore, and destroyed much people of
31 And when he had taken the spoils of the city, he set it on
fire, and pulled down the houses and walls thereof on every
32 But the women and children took they captive, and possessed
33 Then builded they the city of David with a great and strong
wall, and with mighty towers, and made it a strong hold for
34 And they put therein a sinful nation, wicked men, and
fortified themselves therein.
35 They stored it also with armour and victuals, and when they
had gathered together the spoils of Jerusalem, they laid them up
there, and so they became a sore snare:
36 For it was a place to lie in wait against the sanctuary, and
an evil adversary to Israel.
37 Thus they shed innocent blood on every side of the sanctuary,
and defiled it:
38 Insomuch that the inhabitants of Jerusalem fled because of
them whereupon the city was made an habitation of strangers, and
became strange to those that were born in her; and her own
children left her.
39 Her sanctuary was laid waste like a wilderness, her feasts
were turned into mourning, her sabbaths into reproach her honour
40 As had been her glory, so was her dishonour increased, and
her excellency was turned into mourning.
41 Moreover king Antiochus wrote to his whole kingdom, that all
should be one people,
42 And every one should leave his laws so all the heathen agreed
according to the commandment of the king.
43 Yea, many also of the Israelites consented to his religion,
and sacrificed unto idols, and profaned the sabbath.
44 For the king had sent letters by messengers unto Jerusalem
and the cities of Juda that they should follow the strange laws
of the land,
45 And forbid burnt offerings, and sacrifice, and drink
offerings, in the temple; and that they should profane the
sabbaths and festival days:
46 And pollute the sanctuary and holy people:
47 Set up altars, and groves, and chapels of idols, and
sacrifice swine's flesh, and unclean beasts:
48 That they should also leave their children uncircumcised, and
make their souls abominable with all manner of uncleanness and
49 To the end they might forget the law, and change all the
50 And whosoever would not do according to the commandment of
the king, he said, he should die.
51 In the selfsame manner wrote he to his whole kingdom, and
appointed overseers over all the people, commanding the cities
of Juda to sacrifice, city by city.
52 Then many of the people were gathered unto them, to wit every
one that forsook the law; and so they committed evils in the
53 And drove the Israelites into secret places, even wheresoever
they could flee for succour.
54 Now the fifteenth day of the month Casleu, in the hundred
forty and fifth year, they set up the abomination of desolation
upon the altar, and builded idol altars throughout the cities of
Juda on every side;
55 And burnt incense at the doors of their houses, and in the
56 And when they had rent in pieces the books of the law which
they found, they burnt them with fire.
57 And whosoever was found with any the book of the testament,
or if any committed to the law, the king's commandment was, that
they should put him to death.
58 Thus did they by their authority unto the Israelites every
month, to as many as were found in the cities.
59 Now the five and twentieth day of the month they did
sacrifice upon the idol altar, which was upon the altar of God.
60 At which time according to the commandment they put to death
certain women, that had caused their children to be circumcised.
61 And they hanged the infants about their necks, and rifled
their houses, and slew them that had circumcised them.
62 Howbeit many in Israel were fully resolved and confirmed in
themselves not to eat any unclean thing.
63 Wherefore the rather to die, that they might not be defiled
with meats, and that they might not profane the holy covenant so
then they died.
64 And there was very great wrath upon Israel.
1 In those days arose Mattathias the son of John, the son of
Simeon, a priest of the sons of Joarib, from Jerusalem, and
dwelt in Modin.
2 And he had five sons, Joannan, called Caddis:
3 Simon; called Thassi:
4 Judas, who was called Maccabeus:
5 Eleazar, called Avaran and Jonathan, whose surname was Apphus.
6 And when he saw the blasphemies that were committed in Juda
7 He said, Woe is me! wherefore was I born to see this misery of
my people, and of the holy city, and to dwell there, when it was
delivered into the hand of the enemy, and the sanctuary into the
hand of strangers?
8 Her temple is become as a man without glory.
9 Her glorious vessels are carried away into captivity, her
infants are slain in the streets, her young men with the sword
of the enemy.
10 What nation hath not had a part in her kingdom and gotten of
11 All her ornaments are taken away; of a free woman she is
become a bondslave.
12 And, behold, our sanctuary, even our beauty and our glory, is
laid waste, and the Gentiles have profaned it.
13 To what end therefore shall we live any longer?
14 Then Mattathias and his sons rent their clothes, and put on
sackcloth, and mourned very sore.
15 In the mean while the king's officers, such as compelled the
people to revolt, came into the city Modin, to make them
16 And when many of Israel came unto them, Mattathias also and
his sons came together.
17 Then answered the king's officers, and said to Mattathias on
this wise, Thou art a ruler, and an honourable and great man in
this city, and strengthened with sons and brethren:
18 Now therefore come thou first, and fulfil the king's
commandment, like as all the heathen have done, yea, and the men
of Juda also, and such as remain at Jerusalem so shalt thou and
thy house be in the number of the king's friends, and thou and
thy children shall be honoured with silver and gold, and many
19 Then Mattathias answered and spake with a loud voice, Though
all the nations that are under the king's dominion obey him, and
fall away every one from the religion of their fathers, and give
consent to his commandments:
20 Yet will I and my sons and my brethren walk in the covenant
of our fathers.
21 God forbid that we should forsake the law and the ordinances.
22 We will not hearken to the king's words, to go from our
religion, either on the right hand, or the left.
23 Now when he had left speaking these words, there came one of
the Jews in the sight of all to sacrifice on the altar which was
at Modin, according to the king's commandment.
24 Which thing when Mattathias saw, he was inflamed with zeal,
and his reins trembled, neither could he forbear to shew his
anger according to judgment wherefore he ran, and slew him upon
25 Also the king's commissioner, who compelled men to sacrifice,
he killed at that time, and the altar he pulled down.
26 Thus dealt he zealously for the law of God like as Phinees
did unto Zambri the son of Salom.
27 And Mattathias cried throughout the city with a loud voice,
saying, Whosoever is zealous of the law, and maintaineth the
covenant, let him follow me.
28 So he and his sons fled into the mountains, and left all that
ever they had in the city.
29 Then many that sought after justice and judgment went down
into the wilderness, to dwell there:
30 Both they, and their children, and their wives; and their
cattle; because afflictions increased sore upon them.
31 Now when it was told the king's servants, and the host that
was at Jerusalem, in the city of David, that certain men, who
had broken the king's commandment, were gone down into the
secret places in the wilderness,
32 They pursued after them a great number, and having overtaken
them, they camped against them, and made war against them on the
33 And they said unto them, Let that which ye have done hitherto
suffice; come forth, and do according to the commandment of the
king, and ye shall live.
34 But they said, We will not come forth, neither will we do the
king's commandment, to profane the sabbath day.
35 So then they gave them the battle with all speed.
36 Howbeit they answered them not, neither cast they a stone at
them, nor stopped the places where they lay hid;
37 But said, Let us die all in our innocency heaven and earth
will testify for us, that ye put us to death wrongfully.
38 So they rose up against them in battle on the sabbath, and
they slew them, with their wives and children and their cattle,
to the number of a thousand people.
39 Now when Mattathias and his friends understood hereof, they
mourned for them right sore.
40 And one of them said to another, If we all do as our brethren
have done, and fight not for our lives and laws against the
heathen, they will now quickly root us out of the earth.
41 At that time therefore they decreed, saying, Whosoever shall
come to make battle with us on the sabbath day, we will fight
against him; neither will we die all, as our brethren that were
murdered in the secret places.
42 Then came there unto him a company of Assideans who were
mighty men of Israel, even all such as were voluntarily devoted
unto the law.
43 Also all they that fled for persecution joined themselves
unto them, and were a stay unto them.
44 So they joined their forces, and smote sinful men in their
anger, and wicked men in their wrath but the rest fled to the
heathen for succour.
45 Then Mattathias and his friends went round about, and pulled
down the altars:
46 And what children soever they found within the coast of
Israel uncircumcised, those they circumcised valiantly.
47 They pursued also after the proud men, and the work prospered
in their hand.
48 So they recovered the law out of the hand of the Gentiles,
and out of the hand of kings, neither suffered they the sinner
49 Now when the time drew near that Mattathias should die, he
said unto his sons, Now hath pride and rebuke gotten strength,
and the time of destruction, and the wrath of indignation:
50 Now therefore, my sons, be ye zealous for the law, and give
your lives for the covenant of your fathers.
51 Call to remembrance what acts our fathers did in their time;
so shall ye receive great honour and an everlasting name.
52 Was not Abraham found faithful in temptation, and it was
imputed unto him for righteousness?
53 Joseph in the time of his distress kept the commandment and
was made lord of Egypt.
54 Phinees our father in being zealous and fervent obtained the
covenant of an everlasting priesthood.
55 Jesus for fulfilling the word was made a judge in Israel.
56 Caleb for bearing witness before the congregation received
the heritage of the land.
57 David for being merciful possessed the throne of an
58 Elias for being zealous and fervent for the law was taken up
59 Ananias, Azarias, and Misael, by believing were saved out of
60 Daniel for his innocency was delivered from the mouth of
61 And thus consider ye throughout all ages, that none that put
their trust in him shall be overcome.
62 Fear not then the words of a sinful man for his glory shall
be dung and worms.
63 To day he shall be lifted up and to morrow he shall not be
found, because he is returned into his dust, and his thought is
come to nothing.
64 Wherefore, ye my sons, be valiant and shew yourselves men in
the behalf of the law; for by it shall ye obtain glory.
65 And behold, I know that your brother Simon is a man of
counsel, give ear unto him alway he shall be a father unto you.
66 As for Judas Maccabeus, he hath been mighty and strong, even
from his youth up let him be your captain, and fight the battle
of the people.
67 Take also unto you all those that observe the law, and avenge
ye the wrong of your people.
68 Recompense fully the heathen, and take heed to the
commandments of the law.
69 So he blessed them, and was gathered to his fathers.
70 And he died in the hundred forty and sixth year, and his sons
buried him in the sepulchres of his fathers at Modin, and all
Israel made great lamentation for him.
1 Then his son Judas, called Maccabeus, rose up in his stead.
2 And all his brethren helped him, and so did all they that held
with his father, and they fought with cheerfulness the battle of
3 So he gat his people great honour, and put on a breastplate as
a giant, and girt his warlike harness about him, and he made
battles, protecting the host with his sword.
4 In his acts he was like a lion, and like a lion's whelp
roaring for his prey.
5 For He pursued the wicked, and sought them out, and burnt up
those that vexed his people.
6 Wherefore the wicked shrunk for fear of him, and all the
workers of iniquity were troubled, because salvation prospered
in his hand.
7 He grieved also many kings, and made Jacob glad with his acts,
and his memorial is blessed for ever.
8 Moreover he went through the cities of Juda, destroying the
ungodly out of them, and turning away wrath from Israel:
9 So that he was renowned unto the utmost part of the earth, and
he received unto him such as were ready to perish.
10 Then Apollonius gathered the Gentiles together, and a great
host out of Samaria, to fight against Israel.
11 Which thing when Judas perceived, he went forth to meet him,
and so he smote him, and slew him many also fell down slain, but
the rest fled.
12 Wherefore Judas took their spoils, and Apollonius' sword
also, and therewith he fought all his life long.
13 Now when Seron, a prince of the army of Syria, heard say that
Judas had gathered unto him a multitude and company of the
faithful to go out with him to war;
14 He said, I will get me a name and honour in the kingdom; for
I will go fight with Judas and them that are with him, who
despise the king's commandment.
15 So he made him ready to go up, and there went with him a
mighty host of the ungodly to help him, and to be avenged of the
children of Israel.
16 And when he came near to the going up of Bethhoron, Judas
went forth to meet him with a small company:
17 Who, when they saw the host coming to meet them, said unto
Judas, How shall we be able, being so few, to fight against so
great a multitude and so strong, seeing we are ready to faint
with fasting all this day?
18 Unto whom Judas answered, It is no hard matter for many to be
shut up in the hands of a few; and with the God of heaven it is
all one, to deliver with a great multitude, or a small company:
19 For the victory of battle standeth not in the multitude of an
host; but strength cometh from heaven.
20 They come against us in much pride and iniquity to destroy
us, and our wives and children, and to spoil us:
21 But we fight for our lives and our laws.
22 Wherefore the Lord himself will overthrow them before our
face and as for you, be ye not afraid of them.
23 Now as soon as he had left off speaking, he leapt suddenly
upon them, and so Seron and his host was overthrown before him.
24 And they pursued them from the going down of Bethhoron unto
the plain, where were slain about eight hundred men of them; and
the residue fled into the land of the Philistines.
25 Then began the fear of Judas and his brethren, and an
exceeding great dread, to fall upon the nations round about
26 Insomuch as his fame came unto the king, and all nations
talked of the battles of Judas.
27 Now when king Antiochus heard these things, he was full of
indignation wherefore he sent and gathered together all the
forces of his realm, even a very strong army.
28 He opened also his treasure, and gave his soldiers pay for a
year, commanding them to be ready whensoever he should need
29 Nevertheless, when he saw that the money of his treasures
failed and that the tributes in the country were small, because
of the dissension and plague, which he had brought upon the land
in taking away the laws which had been of old time;
30 He feared that he should not be able to bear the charges any
longer, nor to have such gifts to give so liberally as he did
before for he had abounded above the kings that were before him.
31 Wherefore, being greatly perplexed in his mind, he determined
to go into Persia, there to take the tributes of the countries,
and to gather much money.
32 So he left Lysias, a nobleman, and one of the blood royal, to
oversee the affairs of the king from the river Euphrates unto
the borders of Egypt:
33 And to bring up his son Antiochus, until he came again.
34 Moreover he delivered unto him the half of his forces, and
the elephants, and gave him charge of all things that he would
have done, as also concerning them that dwelt in Juda and
35 To wit, that he should send an army against them, to destroy
and root out the strength of Israel, and the remnant of
Jerusalem, and to take away their memorial from that place;
36 And that he should place strangers in all their quarters, and
divide their land by lot.
37 So the king took the half of the forces that remained, and
departed from Antioch, his royal city, the hundred forty and
seventh year; and having passed the river Euphrates, he went
through the high countries.
38 Then Lysias chose Ptolemee the son of Dorymenes, Nicanor, and
Gorgias, mighty men of the king's friends:
39 And with them he sent forty thousand footmen, and seven
thousand horsemen, to go into the land of Juda, and to destroy
it, as the king commanded.
40 So they went forth with all their power, and came and pitched
by Emmaus in the plain country.
41 And the merchants of the country, hearing the fame of them,
took silver and gold very much, with servants, and came into the
camp to buy the children of Israel for slaves a power also of
Syria and of the land of the Philistines joined themselves unto
42 Now when Judas and his brethren saw that miseries were
multiplied, and that the forces did encamp themselves in their
borders for they knew how the king had given commandment to
destroy the people, and utterly abolish them;
43 They said one to another, Let us restore the decayed fortune
of our people, and let us fight for our people and the
44 Then was the congregation gathered together, that they might
be ready for battle, and that they might pray, and ask mercy and
45 Now Jerusalem lay void as a wilderness, there was none of her
children that went in or out the sanctuary also was trodden
down, and aliens kept the strong hold; the heathen had their
habitation in that place; and joy was taken from Jacob, and the
pipe with the harp ceased.
46 Wherefore the Israelites assembled themselves together, and
came to Maspha, over against Jerusalem; for in Maspha was the
place where they prayed aforetime in Israel.
47 Then they fasted that day, and put on sackcloth, and cast
ashes upon their heads, and rent their clothes,
48 And laid open the book of the law, wherein the heathen had
sought to paint the likeness of their images.
49 They brought also the priests' garments, and the firstfruits,
and the tithes and the Nazarites they stirred up, who had
accomplished their days.
50 Then cried they with a loud voice toward heaven, saying, What
shall we do with these, and whither shall we carry them away?
51 For thy sanctuary is trodden down and profaned, and thy
priests are in heaviness, and brought low.
52 And lo, the heathen are assembled together against us to
destroy us what things they imagine against us, thou knowest.
53 How shall we be able to stand against them, except thou, O
God, be our help?
54 Then sounded they with trumpets, and cried with a loud voice.
55 And after this Judas ordained captains over the people, even
captains over thousands, and over hundreds, and over fifties,
and over tens.
56 But as for such as were building houses, or had betrothed
wives, or were planting vineyards, or were fearful, those he
commanded that they should return, every man to his own house,
according to the law.
57 So the camp removed, and pitched upon the south side of
58 And Judas said, arm yourselves, and be valiant men, and see
that ye be in readiness against the morning, that ye may fight
with these nations, that are assembled together against us to
destroy us and our sanctuary:
59 For it is better for us to die in battle, than to behold the
calamities of our people and our sanctuary.
60 Nevertheless, as the will of God is in heaven, so let him do.
1 Then took Gorgias five thousand footmen, and a thousand of the
best horsemen, and removed out of the camp by night;
2 To the end he might rush in upon the camp of the Jews, and
smite them suddenly. And the men of the fortress were his
3 Now when Judas heard thereof he himself removed, and the
valiant men with him, that he might smite the king's army which
was at Emmaus,
4 While as yet the forces were dispersed from the camp.
5 In the mean season came Gorgias by night into the camp of
Judas and when he found no man there, he sought them in the
mountains for said he, These fellows flee from us
6 But as soon as it was day, Judas shewed himself in the plain
with three thousand men, who nevertheless had neither armour nor
swords to their minds.
7 And they saw the camp of the heathen, that it was strong and
well harnessed, and compassed round about with horsemen; and
these were expert of war.
8 Then said Judas to the men that were with him, Fear ye not
their multitude, neither be ye afraid of their assault.
9 Remember how our fathers were delivered in the Red sea, when
Pharaoh pursued them with an army.
10 Now therefore let us cry unto heaven, if peradventure the
Lord will have mercy upon us, and remember the covenant of our
fathers, and destroy this host before our face this day:
11 That so all the heathen may know that there is one who
delivereth and saveth Israel.
12 Then the strangers lifted up their eyes, and saw them coming
over against them.
13 Wherefore they went out of the camp to battle; but they that
were with Judas sounded their trumpets.
14 So they joined battle, and the heathen being discomfited fled
into the plain.
15 Howbeit all the hindmost of them were slain with the sword
for they pursued them unto Gazera, and unto the plains of Idumea,
and Azotus, and Jamnia, so that there were slain of them upon a
three thousand men.
16 This done, Judas returned again with his host from pursuing
17 And said to the people, Be not greedy of the spoil inasmuch
as there is a battle before us,
18 And Gorgias and his host are here by us in the mountain but
stand ye now against our enemies, and overcome them, and after
this ye may boldly take the spoils.
19 As Judas was yet speaking these words, there appeared a part
of them looking out of the mountain:
20 Who when they perceived that the Jews had put their host to
flight and were burning the tents; for the smoke that was seen
declared what was done:
21 When therefore they perceived these things, they were sore
afraid, and seeing also the host of Judas in the plain ready to
22 They fled every one into the land of strangers.
23 Then Judas returned to spoil the tents, where they got much
gold, and silver, and blue silk, and purple of the sea, and
24 After this they went home, and sung a song of thanksgiving,
and praised the Lord in heaven because it is good, because his
mercy endureth forever.
25 Thus Israel had a great deliverance that day.
26 Now all the strangers that had escaped came and told Lysias
what had happened:
27 Who, when he heard thereof, was confounded and discouraged,
because neither such things as he would were done unto Israel,
nor such things as the king commanded him were come to pass.
28 The next year therefore following Lysias gathered together
threescore thousand choice men of foot, and five thousand
horsemen, that he might subdue them.
29 So they came into Idumea, and pitched their tents at Bethsura,
and Judas met them with ten thousand men.
30 And when he saw that mighty army, he prayed and said, Blessed
art thou, O Saviour of Israel, who didst quell the violence of
the mighty man by the hand of thy servant David, and gavest the
host of strangers into the hands of Jonathan the son of Saul,
and his armourbearer;
31 Shut up this army in the hand of thy people Israel, and let
them be confounded in their power and horsemen:
32 Make them to be of no courage, and cause the boldness of
their strength to fall away, and let them quake at their
33 Cast them down with the sword of them that love thee, and let
all those that know thy name praise thee with thanksgiving.
34 So they joined battle; and there were slain of the host of
Lysias about five thousand men, even before them were they
35 Now when Lysias saw his army put to flight, and the manliness
of Judas' soldiers, and how they were ready either to live or
die valiantly, he went into Antiochia, and gathered together a
company of strangers, and having made his army greater than it
was, he purposed to come again into Judea.
36 Then said Judas and his brethren, Behold, our enemies are
discomfited let us go up to cleanse and dedicate the sanctuary.
37 Upon this all the host assembled themselves together, and
went up into mount Sion.
38 And when they saw the sanctuary desolate, and the altar
profaned, and the gates burned up, and shrubs growing in the
courts as in a forest, or in one of the mountains, yea, and the
priests' chambers pulled down;
39 They rent their clothes, and made great lamentation, and cast
ashes upon their heads,
40 And fell down flat to the ground upon their faces, and blew
an alarm with the trumpets, and cried toward heaven.
41 Then Judas appointed certain men to fight against those that
were in the fortress, until he had cleansed the sanctuary.
42 So he chose priests of blameless conversation, such as had
pleasure in the law:
43 Who cleansed the sanctuary, and bare out the defiled stones
into an unclean place.
44 And when as they consulted what to do with the altar of burnt
offerings, which was profaned;
45 They thought it best to pull it down, lest it should be a
reproach to them, because the heathen had defiled it wherefore
they pulled it down,
46 And laid up the stones in the mountain of the temple in a
convenient place, until there should come a prophet to shew what
should be done with them.
47 Then they took whole stones according to the law, and built a
new altar according to the former;
48 And made up the sanctuary, and the things that were within
the temple, and hallowed the courts.
49 They made also new holy vessels, and into the temple they
brought the candlestick, and the altar of burnt offerings, and
of incense, and the table.
50 And upon the altar they burned incense, and the lamps that
were upon the candlestick they lighted, that they might give
light in the temple.
51 Furthermore they set the loaves upon the table, and spread
out the veils, and finished all the works which they had begun
52 Now on the five and twentieth day of the ninth month, which
is called the month Casleu, in the hundred forty and eighth
year, they rose up betimes in the morning,
53 And offered sacrifice according to the law upon the new altar
of burnt offerings, which they had made.
54 Look, at what time and what day the heathen had profaned it,
even in that was it dedicated with songs, and citherns, and
harps, and cymbals.
55 Then all the people fell upon their faces, worshipping and
praising the God of heaven, who had given them good success.
56 And so they kept the dedication of the altar eight days and
offered burnt offerings with gladness, and sacrificed the
sacrifice of deliverance and praise.
57 They decked also the forefront of the temple with crowns of
gold, and with shields; and the gates and the chambers they
renewed, and hanged doors upon them.
58 Thus was there very great gladness among the people, for that
the reproach of the heathen was put away.
59 Moreover Judas and his brethren with the whole congregation
of Israel ordained, that the days of the dedication of the altar
should be kept in their season from year to year by the space of
eight days, from the five and twentieth day of the month Casleu,
with mirth and gladness.
60 At that time also they builded up the mount Sion with high
walls and strong towers round about, lest the Gentiles should
come and tread it down as they had done before.
61 And they set there a garrison to keep it, and fortified
Bethsura to preserve it; that the people might have a defence
1 Now when the nations round about heard that the altar was
built and the sanctuary renewed as before, it displeased them
2 Wherefore they thought to destroy the generation of Jacob that
was among them, and thereupon they began to slay and destroy the
3 Then Judas fought against the children of Esau in Idumea at
Arabattine, because they besieged Gael and he gave them a great
overthrow, and abated their courage, and took their spoils.
4 Also he remembered the injury of the children of Bean, who had
been a snare and an offence unto the people, in that they lay in
wait for them in the ways.
5 He shut them up therefore in the towers, and encamped against
them, and destroyed them utterly, and burned the towers of that
place with fire, and all that were therein.
6 Afterward he passed over to the children of Ammon, where he
found a mighty power, and much people, with Timotheus their
7 So he fought many battles with them, till at length they were
discomfited before him; and he smote them.
8 And when he had taken Jazar, with the towns belonging thereto,
he returned into Judea.
9 Then the heathen that were at Galaad assembled themselves
together against the Israelites that were in their quarters, to
destroy them; but they fled to the fortress of Dathema.
10 And sent letters unto Judas and his brethren, The heathen
that are round about us are assembled together against us to
11 And they are preparing to come and take the fortress
whereunto we are fled, Timotheus being captain of their host.
12 Come now therefore, and deliver us from their hands, for many
of us are slain:
13 Yea, all our brethren that were in the places of Tobie are
put to death their wives and their children also they have
carried away captives, and borne away their stuff; and they have
destroyed there about a thousand men.
14 While these letters were yet reading, behold, there came
other messengers from Galilee with their clothes rent, who
reported on this wise,
15 And said, They of Ptolemais, and of Tyrus, and Sidon, and all
Galilee of the Gentiles, are assembled together against us to
16 Now when Judas and the people heard these words, there
assembled a great congregation together, to consult what they
should do for their brethren, that were in trouble, and
assaulted of them.
17 Then said Judas unto Simon his brother, Choose thee out men,
and go and deliver thy brethren that are in Galilee, for I and
Jonathan my brother will go into the country of Galaad.
18 So he left Joseph the son of Zacharias, and Azarias, captains
of the people, with the remnant of the host in Judea to keep it.
19 Unto whom he gave commandment, saying, Take ye the charge of
this people, and see that ye make not war against the heathen
until the time that we come again.
20 Now unto Simon were given three thousand men to go into
Galilee, and unto Judas eight thousand men for the country of
21 Then went Simon into Galilee, where he fought many battles
with the heathen, so that the heathen were discomfited by him.
22 And he pursued them unto the gate of Ptolemais; and there
were slain of the heathen about three thousand men, whose spoils
23 And those that were in Galilee, and in Arbattis, with their
wives and their children, and all that they had, took he away
with him, and brought them into Judea with great joy.
24 Judas Maccabeus also and his brother Jonathan went over
Jordan, and travelled three days' journey in the wilderness,
25 Where they met with the Nabathites, who came unto them in a
peaceable manner, and told them every thing that had happened to
their brethren in the land of Galaad:
26 And how that many of them were shut up in Bosora, and Bosor,
and Alema, Casphor, Maked, and Carnaim; all these cities are
strong and great:
27 And that they were shut up in the rest of the cities of the
country of Galaad, and that against to morrow they had appointed
to bring their host against the forts, and to take them, and to
destroy them all in one day.
28 Hereupon Judas and his host turned suddenly by the way of the
wilderness unto Bosora; and when he had won the city, he slew
all the males with the edge of the sword, and took all their
spoils, and burned the city with fire,
29 From whence he removed by night, and went till he came to the
30 And betimes in the morning they looked up, and, behold, there
was an innumerable people bearing ladders and other engines of
war, to take the fortress for they assaulted them.
31 When Judas therefore saw that the battle was begun, and that
the cry of the city went up to heaven, with trumpets, and a
32 He said unto his host, Fight this day for your brethren.
33 So he went forth behind them in three companies, who sounded
their trumpets, and cried with prayer.
34 Then the host of Timotheus, knowing that it was Maccabeus,
fled from him wherefore he smote them with a great slaughter; so
that there were killed of them that day about eight thousand
35 This done, Judas turned aside to Maspha; and after he had
assaulted it he took and slew all the males therein, and
received the spoils thereof and and burnt it with fire.
36 From thence went he, and took Casphon, Maged, Bosor, and the
other cities of the country of Galaad.
37 After these things gathered Timotheus another host and
encamped against Raphon beyond the brook.
38 So Judas sent men to espy the host, who brought him word,
saying, All the heathen that be round about us are assembled
unto them, even a very great host.
39 He hath also hired the Arabians to help them and they have
pitched their tents beyond the brook, ready to come and fight
against thee. Upon this Judas went to meet them.
40 Then Timotheus said unto the captains of his host, When Judas
and his host come near the brook, if he pass over first unto us,
we shall not be able to withstand him; for he will mightily
prevail against us:
41 But if he be afraid, and camp beyond the river, we shall go
over unto him, and prevail against him.
42 Now when Judas came near the brook, he caused the scribes of
the people to remain by the brook unto whom he gave commandment,
saying, Suffer no man to remain in the camp, but let all come to
43 So he went first over unto them, and all the people after him
then all the heathen, being discomfited before him, cast away
their weapons, and fled unto the temple that was at Carnaim.
44 But they took the city, and burned the temple with all that
were therein. Thus was Carnaim subdued, neither could they stand
any longer before Judas.
45 Then Judas gathered together all the Israelites that were in
the country of Galaad, from the least unto the greatest, even
their wives, and their children, and their stuff, a very great
host, to the end they might come into the land of Judea.
46 Now when they came unto Ephron, (this was a great city in the
way as they should go, very well fortified) they could not turn
from it, either on the right hand or the left, but must needs
pass through the midst of it.
47 Then they of the city shut them out, and stopped up the gates
48 Whereupon Judas sent unto them in peaceable manner, saying,
Let us pass through your land to go into our own country, and
none shall do you any hurt; we will only pass through on foot
howbeit they would not open unto him.
49 Wherefore Judas commanded a proclamation to be made
throughout the host, that every man should pitch his tent in the
place where he was.
50 So the soldiers pitched, and assaulted the city all that day
and all that night, till at the length the city was delivered
into his hands:
51 Who then slew all the males with the edge of the sword, and
rased the city, and took the spoils thereof, and passed through
the city over them that were slain.
52 After this went they over Jordan into the great plain before
53 And Judas gathered together those that came behind, and
exhorted the people all the way through, till they came into the
land of Judea.
54 So they went up to mount Sion with joy and gladness, where
they offered burnt offerings, because not one of them were slain
until they had returned in peace.
55 Now what time as Judas and Jonathan were in the land of
Galaad, and Simon his brother in Galilee before Ptolemais,
56 Joseph the son of Zacharias, and Azarias, captains of the
garrisons, heard of the valiant acts and warlike deeds which
they had done.
57 Wherefore they said, Let us also get us a name, and go fight
against the heathen that are round about us.
58 So when they had given charge unto the garrison that was with
them, they went toward Jamnia.
59 Then came Gorgias and his men out of the city to fight
60 And so it was, that Joseph and Azaras were put to flight, and
pursued unto the borders of Judea and there were slain that day
of the people of Israel about two thousand men.
61 Thus was there a great overthrow among the children of
Israel, because they were not obedient unto Judas and his
brethren, but thought to do some valiant act.
62 Moreover these men came not of the seed of those, by whose
hand deliverance was given unto Israel.
63 Howbeit the man Judas and his brethren were greatly renowned
in the sight of all Israel, and of all the heathen, wheresoever
their name was heard of;
64 Insomuch as the the people assembled unto them with joyful
65 Afterward went Judas forth with his brethren, and fought
against the children of Esau in the land toward the south, where
he smote Hebron, and the towns thereof, and pulled down the
fortress of it, and burned the towers thereof round about.
66 From thence he removed to go into the land of the
Philistines, and passed through Samaria.
67 At that time certain priests, desirous to shew their valour,
were slain in battle, for that they went out to fight
68 So Judas turned to Azotus in the land of the Philistines, and
when he had pulled down their altars, and burned their carved
images with fire, and spoiled their cities, he returned into the
land of Judea.
1 About that time king Antiochus travelling through the high
countries heard say, that Elymais in the country of Persia was a
city greatly renowned for riches, silver, and gold;
2 And that there was in it a very rich temple, wherein were
coverings of gold, and breastplates, and shields, which
Alexander, son of Philip, the Macedonian king, who reigned first
among the Grecians, had left there.
3 Wherefore he came and sought to take the city, and to spoil
it; but he was not able, because they of the city, having had
4 Rose up against him in battle so he fled, and departed thence
with great heaviness, and returned to Babylon.
5 Moreover there came one who brought him tidings into Persia,
that the armies, which went against the land of Judea, were put
6 And that Lysias, who went forth first with a great power was
driven away of the Jews; and that they were made strong by the
armour, and power, and store of spoils, which they had gotten of
the armies, whom they had destroyed:
7 Also that they had pulled down the abomination, which he had
set up upon the altar in Jerusalem, and that they had compassed
about the sanctuary with high walls, as before, and his city
8 Now when the king heard these words, he was astonished and
sore moved whereupon he laid him down upon his bed, and fell
sick for grief, because it had not befallen him as he looked
9 And there he continued many days for his grief was ever more
and more, and he made account that he should die.
10 Wherefore he called for all his friends, and said unto them,
The sleep is gone from mine eyes, and my heart faileth for very
11 And I thought with myself, Into what tribulation am I come,
and how great a flood of misery is it, wherein now I am! for I
was bountiful and beloved in my power.
12 But now I remember the evils that I did at Jerusalem, and
that I took all the vessels of gold and silver that were
therein, and sent to destroy the inhabitants of Judea without a
13 I perceive therefore that for this cause these troubles are
come upon me, and, behold, I perish through great grief in a
14 Then called he for Philip, one of his friends, who he made
ruler over all his realm,
15 And gave him the crown, and his robe, and his signet, to the
end he should bring up his son Antiochus, and nourish him up for
16 So king Antiochus died there in the hundred forty and ninth
17 Now when Lysias knew that the king was dead, he set up
Antiochus his son, whom he had brought up being young, to reign
in his stead, and his name he called Eupator.
18 About this time they that were in the tower shut up the
Israelites round about the sanctuary, and sought always their
hurt, and the strengthening of the heathen.
19 Wherefore Judas, purposing to destroy them, called all the
people together to besiege them.
20 So they came together, and besieged them in the hundred and
fiftieth year, and he made mounts for shot against them, and
21 Howbeit certain of them that were besieged got forth, unto
whom some ungodly men of Israel joined themselves:
22 And they went unto the king, and said, How long will it be
ere thou execute judgment, and avenge our brethren?
23 We have been willing to serve thy father, and to do as he
would have us, and to obey his commandments;
24 For which cause they of our nation besiege the tower, and are
alienated from us moreover as many of us as they could light on
they slew, and spoiled our inheritance.
25 Neither have they stretched out their hand against us only,
but also against their borders.
26 And, behold, this day are they besieging the tower at
Jerusalem, to take it the sanctuary also and Bethsura have they
27 Wherefore if thou dost not prevent them quickly, they will do
the greater things than these, neither shalt thou be able to
28 Now when the king heard this, he was angry, and gathered
together all his friends, and the captains of his army, and
those that had charge of the horse.
29 There came also unto him from other kingdoms, and from isles
of the sea, bands of hired soldiers.
30 So that the number of his army was an hundred thousand
footmen, and twenty thousand horsemen, and two and thirty
elephants exercised in battle.
31 These went through Idumea, and pitched against Bethsura,
which they assaulted many days, making engines of war; but they
of Bethsura came out, and burned them with fire, and fought
32 Upon this Judas removed from the tower, and pitched in
Bathzacharias, over against the king's camp.
33 Then the king rising very early marched fiercely with his
host toward Bathzacharias, where his armies made them ready to
battle, and sounded the trumpets.
34 And to the end they might provoke the elephants to fight,
they shewed them the blood of grapes and mulberries.
35 Moreover they divided the beasts among the armies, and for
every elephant they appointed a thousand men, armed with coats
of mail, and with helmets of brass on their heads; and beside
this, for every beast were ordained five hundred horsemen of the
36 These were ready at every occasion wheresoever the beast was,
and whithersoever the beast went, they went also, neither
departed they from him.
37 And upon the beasts were there strong towers of wood, which
covered every one of them, and were girt fast unto them with
devices there were also upon every one two and thirty strong
men, that fought upon them, beside the Indian that ruled him.
38 As for the remnant of the horsemen, they set them on this
side and that side at the two parts of the host giving them
signs what to do, and being harnessed all over amidst the ranks.
39 Now when the sun shone upon the shields of gold and brass,
the mountains glistered therewith, and shined like lamps of
40 So part of the king's army being spread upon the high
mountains, and part on the valleys below, they marched on safely
and in order.
41 Wherefore all that heard the noise of their multitude, and
the marching of the company, and the rattling of the harness,
were moved for the army was very great and mighty.
42 Then Judas and his host drew near, and entered into battle,
and there were slain of the king's army six hundred men.
43 Eleazar also, surnamed Savaran, perceiving that one of the
beasts, armed with royal harness, was higher than all the rest,
and supposing that the king was upon him,
44 Put himself in jeopardy, to the end he might deliver his
people, and get him a perpetual name:
45 Wherefore he ran upon him courageously through the midst of
the battle, slaying on the right hand and on the left, so that
they were divided from him on both sides.
46 Which done, he crept under the elephant, and thrust him
under, and slew him whereupon the elephant fell down upon him,
and there he died.
47 Howbeit the rest of the Jews seeing the strength of the king,
and the violence of his forces, turned away from them.
48 Then the king's army went up to Jerusalem to meet them, and
the king pitched his tents against Judea, and against mount
49 But with them that were in Bethsura he made peace for they
came out of the city, because they had no victuals there to
endure the siege, it being a year of rest to the land.
50 So the king took Bethsura, and set a garrison there to keep
51 As for the sanctuary, he besieged it many days and set there
artillery with engines and instruments to cast fire and stones,
and pieces to cast darts and slings.
52 Whereupon they also made engines against their engines, and
held them battle a long season.
53 Yet at the last, their vessels being without victuals, (for
that it was the seventh year, and they in Judea that were
delivered from the Gentiles, had eaten up the residue of the
54 There were but a few left in the sanctuary, because the
famine did so prevail against them, that they were fain to
disperse themselves, every man to his own place.
55 At that time Lysias heard say, that Philip, whom Antiochus
the king, whiles he lived, had appointed to bring up his son
Antiochus, that he might be king,
56 Was returned out of Persia and Media, and the king's host
also that went with him, and that he sought to take unto him the
ruling of the affairs.
57 Wherefore he went in all haste, and said to the king and the
captains of the host and the company, We decay daily, and our
victuals are but small, and the place we lay siege unto is
strong, and the affairs of the kingdom lie upon us:
58 Now therefore let us be friends with these men, and make
peace with them, and with all their nation;
59 And covenant with them, that they shall live after their
laws, as they did before for they are therefore displeased, and
have done all these things, because we abolished their laws.
60 So the king and the princes were content wherefore he sent
unto them to make peace; and they accepted thereof.
61 Also the king and the princes made an oath unto them
whereupon they went out of the strong hold.
62 Then the king entered into mount Sion; but when he saw the
strength of the place, he broke his oath that he had made, and
gave commandment to pull down the wall round about.
63 Afterward departed he in all haste, and returned unto
Antiochia, where he found Philip to be master of the city so he
fought against him, and took the city by force.
1 In the hundred and one and fiftieth year Demetrius the son of
Seleucus departed from Rome, and came up with a few men unto a
city of the sea coast, and reigned there.
2 And as he entered into the palace of his ancestors, so it was,
that his forces had taken Antiochus and Lysias, to bring them
3 Wherefore, when he knew it, he said, Let me not see their
4 So his host slew them. Now when Demetrius was set upon the
throne of his kingdom,
5 There came unto him all the wicked and ungodly men of Israel,
having Alcimus, who was desirous to be high priest, for their
6 And they accused the people to the king, saying, Judas and his
brethren have slain all thy friends, and driven us out of our
7 Now therefore send some man whom thou trustest, and let him go
and see what havock he hath made among us, and in the king's
land, and let him punish them with all them that aid them.
8 Then the king chose Bacchides, a friend of the king, who ruled
beyond the flood, and was a great man in the kingdom, and
faithful to the king,
9 And him he sent with that wicked Alcimus, whom he made high
priest, and commanded that he should take vengeance of the
children of Israel.
10 So they departed, and came with a great power into the land
of Judea, where they sent messengers to Judas and his brethren
with peaceable words deceitfully.
11 But they gave no heed to their words; for they saw that they
were come with a great power.
12 Then did there assemble unto Alcimus and Bacchides a company
of scribes, to require justice.
13 Now the Assideans were the first among the children of Israel
that sought peace of them:
14 For said they, One that is a priest of the seed of Aaron is
come with this army, and he will do us no wrong.
15 So he spake unto them, peaceably, and sware unto them,
saying, we will procure the harm neither of you nor your
16 Whereupon they believed him howbeit he took of them
threescore men, and slew them in one day, according to the words
which he wrote,
17 The flesh of thy saints have they cast out, and their blood
have they shed round about Jerusalem, and there was none to bury
18 Wherefore the fear and dread of them fell upon all the
people, who said, There is neither truth nor righteousness in
them; for they have broken the covenant and oath that they made.
19 After this, removed Bacchides from Jerusalem, and pitched his
tents in Bezeth, where he sent and took many of the men that had
forsaken him, and certain of the people also, and when he had
slain them, he cast them into the great pit.
20 Then committed he the country to Alcimus, and left with him a
power to aid him so Bacchides went to the king.
21 But Alcimus contended for the high priesthood.
22 And unto him resorted all such as troubled the people, who,
after they had gotten the land of Juda into their power, did
much hurt in Israel.
23 Now when Judas saw all the mischief that Alcimus and his
company had done among the Israelites, even above the heathen,
24 He went out into all the coasts of Judea round about, and
took vengeance of them that had revolted from him, so that they
durst no more go forth into the country.
25 On the other side, when Alcimus saw that Judas and his
company had gotten the upper hand, and knew that he was not able
to abide their force, he went again to the king, and said all
the worst of them that he could.
26 Then the king sent Nicanor, one of his honourable princes, a
man that bare deadly hate unto Israel, with commandment to
destroy the people.
27 So Nicanor came to Jerusalem with a great force; and sent
unto Judas and his brethren deceitfully with friendly words,
28 Let there be no battle between me and you; I will come with a
few men, that I may see you in peace.
29 He came therefore to Judas, and they saluted one another
peaceably. Howbeit the enemies were prepared to take away Judas
30 Which thing after it was known to Judas, to wit, that he came
unto him with deceit, he was sore afraid of him, and would see
his face no more.
31 Nicanor also, when he saw that his counsel was discovered,
went out to fight against Judas beside Capharsalama:
32 Where there were slain of Nicanor's side about five thousand
men, and the rest fled into the city of David.
33 After this went Nicanor up to mount Sion, and there came out
of the sanctuary certain of the priests and certain of the
elders of the people, to salute him peaceably, and to shew him
the burnt sacrifice that was offered for the king.
34 But he mocked them, and laughed at them, and abused them
shamefully, and spake proudly,
35 And sware in his wrath, saying, Unless Judas and his host be
now delivered into my hands, if ever I come again in safety, I
will burn up this house and with that he went out in a great
36 Then the priests entered in, and stood before the altar and
the temple, weeping, and saying,
37 Thou, O Lord, didst choose this house to be called by thy
name, and to be a house of prayer and petition for thy people:
38 Be avenged of this man and his host, and let them fall by the
sword remember their blasphemies, and suffer them not to
continue any longer.
39 So Nicanor went out of Jerusalem, and pitched his tents in
Bethhoron, where an host out of Syria met him.
40 But Judas pitched in Adasa with three thousand men, and there
he prayed, saying,
41 O Lord, when they that were sent from the king of the
Assyrians blasphemed, thine angel went out, and smote an hundred
fourscore and five thousand of them.
42 Even so destroy thou this host before us this day, that the
rest may know that he hath spoken blasphemously against thy
sanctuary, and judge thou him according to his wickedness.
43 So the thirteenth day of the month Adar the hosts joined
battle but Nicanor's host was discomfited, and he himself was
first slain in the battle.
44 Now when Nicanor's host saw that he was slain, they cast away
their weapons, and fled.
45 Then they pursued after them a day's journey, from Adasa unto
Gazera, sounding an alarm after them with their trumpets.
46 Whereupon they came forth out of all the towns of Judea round
about, and closed them in; so that they, turning back upon them
that pursued them, were all slain with the sword, and not one of
them was left.
47 Afterwards they took the spoils, and the prey, and smote off
Nicanors head, and his right hand, which he stretched out so
proudly, and brought them away, and hanged them up toward
48 For this cause the people rejoiced greatly, and they kept
that day a day of great gladness.
49 Moreover they ordained to keep yearly this day, being the
thirteenth of Adar.
50 Thus the land of Juda was in rest a little while.
1 Now Judas had heard of the the Romans, that they were mighty
and valiant men, and such as would lovingly accept all that
joined themselves unto them, and make a league of amity with all
that came unto them;
2 And that they were men of great valour. It was told him also
of their wars and noble acts which they had done among the
Galatians, and how they had conquered them, and brought them
3 And what they had done in the country of Spain, for the
winning of the mines of the silver and gold which is there;
4 And that by their policy and patience they had conquered all
the place, though it were very far from them; and the kings also
that came against them from the uttermost part of the earth,
till they had discomfited them, and given them a great
overthrow, so that the rest did give them tribute every year:
5 Beside this, how they had discomfited in battle Philip, and
Perseus, king of the Citims, with others that lifted up
themselves against them, and had overcome them:
6 How also Antiochus the great king of Asia, that came against
them in battle, having an hundred and twenty elephants, with
horsemen, and chariots, and a very great army, was discomfited
7 And how they took him alive, and covenanted that he and such
as reigned after him should pay a great tribute, and give
hostages, and that which was agreed upon,
8 And the country of India, and Media and Lydia and of the
goodliest countries, which they took of him, and gave to king
9 Moreover how the Grecians had determined to come and destroy
10 And that they, having knowledge thereof sent against them a
certain captain, and fighting with them slew many of them, and
carried away captives their wives and their children, and
spoiled them, and took possession of their lands, and pulled
down their strong holds, and brought them to be their servants
unto this day:
11 It was told him besides, how they destroyed and brought under
their dominion all other kingdoms and isles that at any time
12 But with their friends and such as relied upon them they kept
amity and that they had conquered kingdoms both far and nigh,
insomuch as all that heard of their name were afraid of them:
13 Also that, whom they would help to a kingdom, those reign;
and whom again they would, they displace finally, that they were
14 Yet for all this none of them wore a crown or was clothed in
purple, to be magnified thereby:
15 Moreover how they had made for themselves a senate house,
wherein three hundred and twenty men sat in council daily,
consulting alway for the people, to the end they might be well
16 And that they committed their government to one man every
year, who ruled over all their country, and that all were
obedient to that one, and that there was neither envy nor
emmulation among them.
17 In consideration of these things, Judas chose Eupolemus the
son of John, the son of Accos, and Jason the son of Eleazar, and
sent them to Rome, to make a league of amity and confederacy
18 And to intreat them that they would take the yoke from them;
for they saw that the kingdom of the Grecians did oppress Israel
19 They went therefore to Rome, which was a very great journey,
and came into the senate, where they spake and said.
20 Judas Maccabeus with his brethren, and the people of the
Jews, have sent us unto you, to make a confederacy and peace
with you, and that we might be registered your confederates and
21 So that matter pleased the Romans well.
22 And this is the copy of the epistle which the senate wrote
back again in tables of brass, and sent to Jerusalem, that there
they might have by them a memorial of peace and confederacy:
23 Good success be to the Romans, and to the people of the Jews,
by sea and by land for ever the sword also and enemy be far from
24 If there come first any war upon the Romans or any of their
confederates throughout all their dominion,
25 The people of the Jews shall help them, as the time shall be
appointed, with all their heart:
26 Neither shall they give any thing unto them that make war
upon them, or aid them with victuals, weapons, money, or ships,
as it hath seemed good unto the Romans; but they shall keep
their covenants without taking any thing therefore.
27 In the same manner also, if war come first upon the nation of
the Jews, the Romans shall help them with all their heart,
according as the time shall be appointed them:
28 Neither shall victuals be given to them that take part
against them, or weapons, or money, or ships, as it hath seemed
good to the Romans; but they shall keep their covenants, and
that without deceit.
29 According to these articles did the Romans make a covenant
with the people of the Jews.
30 Howbeit if hereafter the one party or the other shall think
to meet to add or diminish any thing, they may do it at their
pleasures, and whatsoever they shall add or take away shall be
31 And as touching the evils that Demetrius doeth to the Jews,
we have written unto him, saying, Wherefore thou made thy yoke
heavy upon our friends and confederates the Jews?
32 If therefore they complain any more against thee, we will do
them justice, and fight with thee by sea and by land.
1 Furthermore, when Demetrius heard the Nicanor and his host
were slain in battle, he sent Bacchides and Alcimus into the
land of Judea the second time, and with them the chief strength
of his host:
2 Who went forth by the way that leadeth to Galgala, and pitched
their tents before Masaloth, which is in Arbela, and after they
had won it, they slew much people.
3 Also the first month of the hundred fifty and second year they
encamped before Jerusalem:
4 From whence they removed, and went to Berea, with twenty
thousand footmen and two thousand horsemen.
5 Now Judas had pitched his tents at Eleasa, and three thousand
chosen men with him:
6 Who seeing the multitude of the other army to he so great were
sore afraid; whereupon many conveyed themselves out of the host,
insomuch as abode of them no more but eight hundred men.
7 When Judas therefore saw that his host slipt away, and that
the battle pressed upon him, he was sore troubled in mind, and
much distressed, for that he had no time to gather them
8 Nevertheless unto them that remained he said, Let us arise and
go up against our enemies, if peradventure we may be able to
fight with them.
9 But they dehorted him, saying, We shall never be able let us
now rather save our lives, and hereafter we will return with our
brethren, and fight against them for we are but few.
10 Then Judas said, God forbid that I should do this thing, and
flee away from them if our time be come, let us die manfully for
our brethren, and let us not stain our honour.
11 With that the host of Bacchides removed out of their tents,
and stood over against them, their horsemen being divided into
two troops, and their slingers and archers going before the host
and they that marched in the foreward were all mighty men.
12 As for Bacchides, he was in the right wing so the host drew
near on the two parts, and sounded their trumpets.
13 They also of Judas' side, even they sounded their trumpets
also, so that the earth shook at the noise of the armies, and
the battle continued from morning till night.
14 Now when Judas perceived that Bacchides and the strength of
his army were on the right side, he took with him all the hardy
15 Who discomfited the right wing, and pursued them unto the
16 But when they of the left wing saw that they of the right
wing were discomfited, they followed upon Judas and those that
were with him hard at the heels from behind:
17 Whereupon there was a sore battle, insomuch as many were
slain on both parts.
18 Judas also was killed, and the remnant fled.
19 Then Jonathan and Simon took Judas their brother, and buried
him in the sepulchre of his fathers in Modin.
20 Moreover they bewailed him, and all Israel made great
lamentation for him, and mourned many days, saying,
21 How is the valiant man fallen, that delivered Israel!
22 As for the other things concerning Judas and his wars, and
the noble acts which he did, and his greatness, they are not
written for they were very many.
23 Now after the death of Judas the wicked began to put forth
their heads in all the coasts of Israel, and there arose up all
such as wrought iniquity.
24 In those days also was there a very great famine, by reason
whereof the country revolted, and went with them.
25 Then Bacchides chose the wicked men, and made them lords of
26 And they made enquiry and search for Judas' friends, and
brought them unto Bacchides, who took vengeance of them, and
used them despitefully.
27 So was there a great affliction in Israel, the like whereof
was not since the time that a prophet was not seen among them.
28 For this cause all Judas' friends came together, and said
29 Since thy brother Judas died, we have no man like him to go
forth against our enemies, and Bacchides, and against them of
our nation that are adversaries to us.
30 Now therefore we have chosen thee this day to be our prince
and captain in his stead, that thou mayest fight our battles.
31 Upon this Jonathan took the governance upon him at that time,
and rose up instead of his brother Judas.
32 But when Bacchides gat knowledge thereof, he sought for to
33 Then Jonathan, and Simon his brother, and all that were with
him, perceiving that, fled into the wilderness of Thecoe, and
pitched their tents by the water of the pool Asphar.
34 Which when Bacchides understood, he came near to Jordan with
all his host upon the sabbath day.
35 Now Jonathan had sent his brother John, a captain of the
people, to pray his friends the Nabathites, that they might
leave with them their carriage, which was much.
36 But the children of Jambri came out of Medaba, and took John,
and all that he had, and went their way with it.
37 After this came word to Jonathan and Simon his brother, that
the children of Jambri made a great marriage, and were bringing
the bride from Nadabatha with a great train, as being the
daughter of one of the great princes of Chanaan.
38 Therefore they remembered John their brother, and went up,
and hid themselves under the covert of the mountain:
39 Where they lifted up their eyes, and looked, and, behold,
there was much ado and great carriage and the bridegroom came
forth, and his friends and brethren, to meet them with drums,
and instruments of musick, and many weapons.
40 Then Jonathan and they that were with him rose up against
them from the place where they lay in ambush, and made a
slaughter of them in such sort, as many fell down dead, and the
remnant fled into the mountain, and they took all their spoils.
41 Thus was the marriage turned into mourning, and the noise of
their melody into lamentation.
42 So when they had avenged fully the blood of their brother,
they turned again to the marsh of Jordan.
43 Now when Bacchides heard hereof, he came on the sabbath day
unto the banks of Jordan with a great power.
44 Then Jonathan said to his company, Let us go up now and fight
for our lives, for it standeth not with us to day, as in time
45 For, behold, the battle is before us and behind us, and the
water of Jordan on this side and that side, the marsh likewise
and wood, neither is there place for us to turn aside.
46 Wherefore cry ye now unto heaven, that ye may be delivered
from the hand of your enemies.
47 With that they joined battle, and Jonathan stretched forth
his hand to smite Bacchides, but he turned back from him.
48 Then Jonathan and they that were with him leapt into Jordan,
and swam over unto the other bank howbeit the other passed not
over Jordan unto them.
49 So there were slain of Bacchides' side that day about a
50 Afterward returned Bacchides to Jerusalem and repaired the
strong cites in Judea; the fort in Jericho, and Emmaus, and
Bethhoron, and Bethel, and Thamnatha, Pharathoni, and Taphon,
these did he strengthen with high walls, with gates and with
51 And in them he set a garrison, that they might work malice
52 He fortified also the city Bethsura, and Gazera, and the
tower, and put forces in them, and provision of victuals.
53 Besides, he took the chief men's sons in the country for
hostages, and put them into the tower at Jerusalem to be kept.
54 Moreover in the hundred fifty and third year, in the second
month, Alcimus commanded that the wall of the inner court of the
sanctuary should be pulled down; he pulled down also the works
of the prophets
55 And as he began to pull down, even at that time was Alcimus
plagued, and his enterprizes hindered for his mouth was stopped,
and he was taken with a palsy, so that he could no more speak
any thing, nor give order concerning his house.
56 So Alcimus died at that time with great torment.
57 Now when Bacchides saw that Alcimus was dead, he returned to
the king whereupon the land of Judea was in rest two years.
58 Then all the ungodly men held a council, saying, Behold,
Jonathan and his company are at ease, and dwell without care now
therefore we will bring Bacchides hither, who shall take them
all in one night.
59 So they went and consulted with him.
60 Then removed he, and came with a great host, and sent letters
privily to his adherents in Judea, that they should take
Jonathan and those that were with him howbeit they could not,
because their counsel was known unto them.
61 Wherefore they took of the men of the country, that were
authors of that mischief, about fifty persons, and slew them.
62 Afterward Jonathan, and Simon, and they that were with him,
got them away to Bethbasi, which is in the wilderness, and they
repaired the decays thereof, and made it strong.
63 Which thing when Bacchides knew, he gathered together all his
host, and sent word to them that were of Judea.
64 Then went he and laid siege against Bethbasi; and they fought
against it a long season and made engines of war.
65 But Jonathan left his brother Simon in the city, and went
forth himself into the country, and with a certain number went
66 And he smote Odonarkes and his brethren, and the children of
Phasiron in their tent.
67 And when he began to smite them, and came up with his forces,
Simon and his company went out of the city, and burned up the
engines of war,
68 And fought against Bacchides, who was discomfited by them,
and they afflicted him sore for his counsel and travail was in
69 Wherefore he was very wroth at the wicked men that gave him
counsel to come into the country, inasmuch as he slew many of
them, and purposed to return into his own country.
70 Whereof when Jonathan had knowledge, he sent ambassadors unto
him, to the end he should make peace with him, and deliver them
71 Which thing he accepted, and did according to his demands,
and sware unto him that he would never do him harm all the days
of his life.
72 When therefore he had restored unto him the prisoners that he
had taken aforetime out of the land of Judea, he returned and
went his way into his own land, neither came he any more into
73 Thus the sword ceased from Israel but Jonathan dwelt at
Machmas, and began to govern the people; and he destroyed the
ungodly men out of Israel.
1 In the hundred and sixtieth year Alexander, the son of
Antiochus surnamed Epiphanes, went up and took Ptolemais for the
people had received him, by means whereof he reigned there,
2 Now when king Demetrius heard thereof, he gathered together an
exceeding great host, and went forth against him to fight.
3 Moreover Demetrius sent letters unto Jonathan with loving
words, so as he magnified him.
4 For said he, Let us first make peace with him, before he join
with Alexander against us:
5 Else he will remember all the evils that we have done against
him, and against his brethren and his people.
6 Wherefore he gave him authority to gather together an host,
and to provide weapons, that he might aid him in battle he
commanded also that the hostages that were in the tower should
be delivered him.
7 Then came Jonathan to Jerusalem, and read the letters in the
audience of all the people, and of them that were in the tower:
8 Who were sore afraid, when they heard that the king had given
him authority to gather together an host.
9 Whereupon they of the tower delivered their hostages unto
Jonathan, and he delivered them unto their parents.
10 This done, Jonathan settled himself in Jerusalem, and began
to build and repair the city.
11 And he commanded the workmen to build the walls and the mount
Sion and about with square stones for fortification; and they
12 Then the strangers, that were in the fortresses which
Bacchides had built, fled away;
13 Insomuch as every man left his place, and went into his own
14 Only at Bethsura certain of those that had forsaken the law
and the commandments remained still for it was their place of
15 Now when king Alexander had heard what promises Demetrius had
sent unto Jonathan when also it was told him of the battles and
noble acts which he and his brethren had done, and of the pains
that they had endured,
16 He said, Shall we find such another man? now therefore we
will make him our friend and confederate.
17 Upon this he wrote a letter, and sent it unto him, according
to these words, saying,
18 King Alexander to his brother Jonathan sendeth greeting:
19 We have heard of thee, that thou art a man of great power,
and meet to be our friend.
20 Wherefore now this day we ordain thee to be the high priest
of thy nation, and to be called the king's friend; (and
therewithal he sent him a purple robe and a crown of gold:) and
require thee to take our part, and keep friendship with us.
21 So in the seventh month of the hundred and sixtieth year, at
the feast of the tabernacles, Jonathan put on the holy robe, and
gathered together forces, and provided much armour.
22 Whereof when Demetrius heard, he was very sorry, and said,
23 What have we done, that Alexander hath prevented us in making
amity with the Jews to strengthen himself?
24 I also will write unto them words of encouragement, and
promise them dignities and gifts, that I may have their aid.
25 He sent unto them therefore to this effect King Demetrius
unto the people of the Jews sendeth greeting:
26 Whereas ye have kept covenants with us, and continued in our
friendship, not joining yourselves with our enemies, we have
heard hereof, and are glad.
27 Wherefore now continue ye still to be faithful unto us, and
we will well recompense you for the things ye do in our behalf,
28 And will grant you many immunities, and give you rewards.
29 And now do I free you, and for your sake I release all the
Jews, from tributes, and from the customs of salt, and from
30 And from that which appertaineth unto me to receive for the
third part or the seed, and the half of the fruit of the trees,
I release it from this day forth, so that they shall not be
taken of the land of Judea, nor of the three governments which
are added thereunto out of the country of Samaria and Galilee,
from this day forth for evermore.
31 Let Jerusalem also be holy and free, with the borders
thereof, both from tenths and tributes.
32 And as for the tower which is at Jerusalem, I yield up
authority over it, and give the high priest, that he may set in
it such men as he shall choose to keep it.
33 Moreover I freely set at liberty every one of the Jews, that
were carried captives out of the land of Judea into any part of
my kingdom, and I will that all my officers remit the tributes
even of their cattle.
34 Furthermore I will that all the feasts, and sabbaths, and new
moons, and solemn days, and the three days before the feast, and
the three days after the feast shall be all of immunity and
freedom for all the Jews in my realm.
35 Also no man shall have authority to meddle with or to molest
any of them in any matter.
36 I will further, that there be enrolled among the king's
forces about thirty thousand men of the Jews, unto whom pay
shall be given, as belongeth to all king's forces.
37 And of them some shall be placed in the king's strong holds,
of whom also some shall be set over the affairs of the kingdom,
which are of trust and I will that their overseers and governors
be of themselves, and that they live after their own laws, even
as the king hath commanded in the land of Judea.
38 And concerning the three governments that are added to Judea
from the country of Samaria, let them be joined with Judea, that
they may be reckoned to be under one, nor bound to obey other
authority than the high priest's.
39 As for Ptolemais, and the land pertaining thereto, I give it
as a free gift to the sanctuary at Jerusalem for the necessary
expences of the sanctuary.
40 Moreover I give every year fifteen thousand shekels of silver
out of the king's accounts from the places appertaining.
41 And all the overplus, which the officers payed not in as in
former time, from henceforth shall be given toward the works of
42 And beside this, the five thousand shekels of silver, which
they took from the uses of the temple out of the accounts year
by year, even those things shall be released, because they
appertain to the priests that minister.
43 And whosoever they be that flee unto the temple at Jerusalem,
or be within the liberties hereof, being indebted unto the king,
or for any other matter, let them be at liberty, and all that
they have in my realm.
44 For the building also and repairing of the works of the
sanctuary expences shall be given of the king's accounts.
45 Yea, and for the building of the walls of Jerusalem, and the
fortifying thereof round about, expences shall be given out of
the king's accounts, as also for the building of the walls in
46 Now when Jonathan and the people heard these words, they gave
no credit unto them, nor received them, because they remembered
the great evil that he had done in Israel; for he had afflicted
them very sore.
47 But with Alexander they were well pleased, because he was the
first that entreated of true peace with them, and they were
confederate with him always.
48 Then gathered king Alexander great forces, and camped over
49 And after the two kings had joined battle, Demetrius' host
fled but Alexander followed after him, and prevailed against
50 And he continued the battle very sore until the sun went down
and that day was Demetrius slain.
51 Afterward Alexander sent ambassadors to Ptolemee king of
Egypt with a message to this effect:
52 Forasmuch as I am come again to my realm, and am set in the
throne of my progenitors, and have gotten the dominion, and
overthrown Demetrius, and recovered our country;
53 For after I had joined battle with him, both he and his host
was discomfited by us, so that we sit in the throne of his
54 Now therefore let us make a league of amity together, and
give me now thy daughter to wife and I will be thy son in law,
and will give both thee and her as according to thy dignity.
55 Then Ptolemee the king gave answer, saying, Happy be the day
wherein thou didst return into the land of thy fathers, and
satest in the throne of their kingdom.
56 And now will I do to thee, as thou hast written meet me
therefore at Ptolemais, that we may see one another; for I will
marry my daughter to thee according to thy desire.
57 So Ptolemee went out of Egypt with his daughter Cleopatra,
and they came unto Ptolemais in the hundred threescore and
58 Where king Alexander meeting him, he gave unto him his
daughter Cleopatra, and celebrated her marriage at Ptolemais
with great glory, as the manner of kings is.
59 Now king Alexander had written unto Jonathan, that he should
come and meet him.
60 Who thereupon went honourably to Ptolemais, where he met the
two kings, and gave them and their friends silver and gold, and
many presents, and found favour in their sight.
61 At that time certain pestilent fellows of Israel, men of a
wicked life, assembled themselves against him, to accuse him but
the king would not hear them.
62 Yea more than that, the king commanded to take off his
garments, and clothe him in purple and they did so.
63 And he made him sit by himself, and said into his princes, Go
with him into the midst of the city, and make proclamation, that
no man complain against him of any matter, and that no man
trouble him for any manner of cause.
64 Now when his accusers saw that he was honored according to
the proclamation, and clothed in purple, they fled all away.
65 So the king honoured him, and wrote him among his chief
friends, and made him a duke, and partaker of his dominion.
66 Afterward Jonathan returned to Jerusalem with peace and
67 Furthermore in the; hundred threescore and fifth year came
Demetrius son of Demetrius out of Crete into the land of his
68 Whereof when king Alexander heard tell, he was right sorry,
and returned into Antioch.
69 Then Demetrius made Apollonius the governor of Celosyria his
general, who gathered together a great host, and camped in
Jamnia, and sent unto Jonathan the high priest, saying,
70 Thou alone liftest up thyself against us, and I am laughed to
scorn for thy sake, and reproached and why dost thou vaunt thy
power against us in the mountains?
71 Now therefore, if thou trustest in thine own strength, come
down to us into the plain field, and there let us try the matter
together for with me is the power of the cities.
72 Ask and learn who I am, and the rest that take our part, and
they shall tell thee that thy foot is not able to to flight in
their own land.
73 Wherefore now thou shalt not be able to abide the horsemen
and so great a power in the plain, where is neither stone nor
flint, nor place to flee unto.
74 So when Jonathan heard these words of Apollonius, he was
moved in his mind, and choosing ten thousand men he went out of
Jerusalem, where Simon his brother met him for to help him.
75 And he pitched his tents against Joppa but; they of Joppa
shut him out of the city, because Apollonius had a garrison
76 Then Jonathan laid siege unto it whereupon they of the city
let him in for fear and so Jonathan won Joppa.
77 Whereof when Apollonius heard, he took three thousand
horsemen, with a great host of footmen, and went to Azotus as
one that journeyed, and therewithal drew him forth into the
plain. because he had a great number of horsemen, in whom he put
78 Then Jonathan followed after him to Azotus, where the armies
79 Now Apollonius had left a thousand horsemen in ambush.
80 And Jonathan knew that there was an ambushment behind him;
for they had compassed in his host, and cast darts at the
people, from morning till evening.
81 But the people stood still, as Jonathan had commanded them
and so the enemies' horses were tired.
82 Then brought Simon forth his host, and set them against the
footmen, (for the horsemen were spent) who were discomfited by
him, and fled.
83 The horsemen also, being scattered in the field, fled to
Azotus, and went into Bethdagon, their idol's temple, for
84 But Jonathan set fire on Azotus, and the cities round about
it, and took their spoils; and the temple of Dagon, with them
that were fled into it, he burned with fire.
85 Thus there were burned and slain with the sword well nigh
eight thousand men.
86 And from thence Jonathan removed his host, and camped against
Ascalon, where the men of the city came forth, and met him with
87 After this returned Jonathan and his host unto Jerusalem,
having any spoils.
88 Now when king Alexander heard these things, he honoured
Jonathan yet more.
89 And sent him a buckle of gold, as the use is to be given to
such as are of the king's blood he gave him also Accaron with
the borders thereof in possession.
1 And the king of Egypt gathered together a great host, like the
sand that lieth upon the sea shore, and many ships, and went
about through deceit to get Alexander's kingdom, and join it to
2 Whereupon he took his journey into Spain in peaceable manner,
so as they of the cities opened unto him, and met him for king
Alexander had commanded them so to do, because he was his
brother in law.
3 Now as Ptolemee entered into the cities, he set in every one
of them a garrison of soldiers to keep it.
4 And when he came near to Azotus, they shewed him the temple of
Dagon that was burnt, and Azotus and the suburbs thereof that
were destroyed, and the bodies that were cast abroad and them
that he had burnt in the battle; for they had made heaps of them
by the way where he should pass.
5 Also they told the king whatsoever Jonathan had done, to the
intent he might blame him but the king held his peace.
6 Then Jonathan met the king with great pomp at Joppa, where
they saluted one another, and lodged.
7 Afterward Jonathan, when he had gone with the king to the
river called Eleutherus, returned again to Jerusalem.
8 King Ptolemee therefore, having gotten the dominion of the
cities by the sea unto Seleucia upon the sea coast, imagined
wicked counsels against Alexander.
9 Whereupon he sent ambasadors unto king Demetrius, saying,
Come, let us make a league betwixt us, and I will give thee my
daughter whom Alexander hath, and thou shalt reign in thy
10 For I repent that I gave my daughter unto him, for he sought
to slay me.
11 Thus did he slander him, because he was desirous of his
12 Wherefore he took his daughter from him, and gave her to
Demetrius, and forsook Alexander, so that their hatred was
13 Then Ptolemee entered into Antioch, where he set two crowns
upon his head, the crown of Asia, and of Egypt.
14 In the mean season was king Alexander in Cilicia, because
those that dwelt in those parts had revolted from him.
15 But when Alexander heard of this, he came to war against him
whereupon king Ptolemee brought forth his host, and met him with
a mighty power, and put him to flight.
16 So Alexander fled into Arabia there to be defended; but king
Ptolemee was exalted:
17 For Zabdiel the Arabian took off Alexander's head, and sent
it unto Ptolemee.
18 King Ptolemee also died the third day after, and they that
were in the strong holds were slain one of another.
19 By this means Demetrius reigned in the hundred threescore and
20 At the same time Jonathan gathered together them that were in
Judea to take the tower that was in Jerusalem and he made many
engines of war against it.
21 Then came ungodly persons, who hated their own people, went
unto the king, and told him that Jonathan besieged the tower,
22 Whereof when he heard, he was angry, and immediately
removing, he came to Ptolemais, and wrote unto Jonathan, that he
should not lay siege to the tower, but come and speak with him
at Ptolemais in great haste.
23 Nevertheless Jonathan, when he heard this, commanded to
besiege it still and he chose certain of the elders of Israel
and the priests, and put himself in peril;
24 And took silver and gold, and raiment, and divers presents
besides, and went to Ptolemais unto the king, where he found
favour in his sight.
25 And though certain ungodly men of the people had made
complaints against him,
26 Yet the king entreated him as his predecessors had done
before, and promoted him in the sight of all his friends,
27 And confirmed him in the high priesthood, and in all the
honours that he had before, and gave him preeminence among his
28 Then Jonathan desired the king, that he would make Judea free
from tribute, as also the three governments, with the country of
Samaria; and he promised him three hundred talents.
29 So the king consented, and wrote letters unto Jonathan of all
these things after this manner:
30 King Demetrius unto his brother Jonathan, and unto the nation
of the Jews, sendeth greeting:
31 We send you here a copy of the letter which we did write unto
our cousin Lasthenes concerning you, that ye might see it.
32 King Demetrius unto his father Lasthenes sendeth greeting:
33 We are determined to do good to the people of the Jews, who
are our friends, and keep covenants with us, because of their
good will toward us.
34 Wherefore we have ratified unto them the borders of Judea,
with the three governments of Apherema and Lydda and Ramathem,
that are added unto Judea from the country of Samaria, and all
things appertaining unto them, for all such as do sacrifice in
Jerusalem, instead of the payments which the king received of
them yearly aforetime out of the fruits of the earth and of
35 And as for other things that belong unto us, of the tithes
and customs pertaining unto us, as also the saltpits, and the
crown taxes, which are due unto us, we discharge them of them
all for their relief.
36 And nothing hereof shall be revoked from this time forth for
37 Now therefore see that thou make a copy of these things, and
let it be delivered unto Jonathan, and set upon the holy mount
in a conspicuous place.
38 After this, when king Demetrius saw that the land was quiet
before him, and that no resistance was made against him, he sent
away all his forces, every one to his own place, except certain
bands of strangers, whom he had gathered from the isles of the
heathen wherefore all the forces of his fathers hated him.
39 Moreover there was one Tryphon, that had been of Alexander's
part afore, who, seeing that all the host murmured against
Demetrius, went to Simalcue the Arabian that brought up
Antiochus the young son of Alexander,
40 And lay sore upon him to deliver him this young Antiochus,
that he might reign in his father's stead he told him therefore
all that Demetrius had done, and how his men of war were at
enmity with him, and there he remained a long season.
41 In the mean time Jonathan sent unto king Demetrius, that he
would cast those of the tower out of Jerusalem, and those also
in the fortresses for they fought against Israel.
42 So Demetrius sent unto Jonathan, saying, I will not only do
this for thee and thy people, but I will greatly honour thee and
thy nation, if opportunity serve.
43 Now therefore thou shalt do well, if thou send me men to help
me; for all my forces are gone from me.
44 Upon this Jonathan sent him three thousand strong men unto
Antioch and when they came to the king, the king was very glad
of their coming.
45 Howbeit they that were of the city gathered themselves
together into the midst of the city, to the number of an hundred
and twenty thousand men, and would have slain the king.
46 Wherefore the king fled into the court, but they of the city
kept the passages of the city, and began to fight.
47 Then the king called to the Jews for help, who came unto him
all at once, and dispersing themselves through the city slew
that day in the city to the number of an hundred thousand.
48 Also they set fire on the city, and gat many spoils that day,
and delivered the king.
49 So when they of the city saw that the Jews had got the city
as they would, their courage was abated wherefore they made
supplication to the king, and cried, saying,
50 Grant us peace, and let the Jews cease from assaulting us and
51 With that they cast away their weapons, and made peace; and
the Jews were honoured in the sight of the king, and in the
sight of all that were in his realm; and they returned to
Jerusalem, having great spoils.
52 So king Demetrius sat on the throne of his kingdom, and the
land was quiet before him.
53 Nevertheless he dissembled in all that ever he spake, and
estranged himself from Jonathan, neither rewarded he him
according to the benefits which he had received of him, but
troubled him very sore.
54 After this returned Tryphon, and with him the young child
Antiochus, who reigned, and was crowned.
55 Then there gathered unto him all the men of war, whom
Demetrius had put away, and they fought against Demetrius, who
turned his back and fled.
56 Moreover Tryphon took the elephants, and won Antioch.
57 At that time young Antiochus wrote unto Jonathan, saying, I
confirm thee in the high priesthood, and appoint thee ruler over
the four governments, and to be one of the king's friends.
58 Upon this he sent him golden vessels to be served in, and
gave him leave to drink in gold, and to be clothed in purple,
and to wear a golden buckle.
59 His brother Simon also he made captain from the place called
The ladder of Tyrus unto the borders of Egypt.
60 Then Jonathan went forth, and passed through the cities
beyond the water, and all the forces of Syria gathered
themselves unto him for to help him and when he came to Ascalon,
they of the city met him honourably.
61 From whence he went to Gaza, but they of Gaza shut him out;
wherefore he laid siege unto it, and burned the suburbs thereof
with fire, and spoiled them.
62 Afterward, when they of Gaza made supplication unto Jonathan,
he made peace with them, and took the sons of their chief men
for hostages, and sent them to Jerusalem, and passed through the
country unto Damascus.
63 Now when Jonathan heard that Demetrius' princes were come to
Cades, which is in Galilee, with a great power, purposing to
remove him out of the country,
64 He went to meet them, and left Simon his brother in the
65 Then Simon encamped against Bethsura and fought against it a
long season, and shut it up:
66 But they desired to have peace with him, which he granted
them, and then put them out from thence, and took the city, and
set a garrison in it.
67 As for Jonathan and his host, they pitched at the water of
Gennesar, from whence betimes in the morning they gat them to
the plain of Nasor.
68 And, behold, the host of strangers met them in the plain,
who, having laid men in ambush for him in the mountains, came
themselves over against him.
69 So when they that lay in ambush rose out of their places and
joined battle, all that were of Jonathan's side fled;
70 Insomuch as there was not one of them left, except Mattathias
the son of Absalom, and Judas the son of Calphi, the captains of
71 Then Jonathan rent his clothes, and cast earth upon his head,
72 Afterwards turning again to battle, he put them to flight,
and so they ran away.
73 Now when his own men that were fled saw this, they turned
again unto him, and with him pursued them to Cades, even unto
their own tents, and there they camped.
74 So there were slain of the heathen that day about three
thousand men but Jonathan returned to Jerusalem.
1 Now when Jonathan saw that time served him, he chose certain
men, and sent them to Rome, for to confirm and renew the
friendship that they had with them.
2 He sent letters also to the Lacedemonians, and to other
places, for the same purpose.
3 So they went unto Rome, and entered into the senate, and said,
Jonathan the high priest, and the people of the Jews, sent us
unto you, to the end ye should renew the friendship, which ye
had with them, and league, as in former time.
4 Upon this the Romans gave them letters unto the governors of
every place that they should bring them into the land of Judea
5 And this is the copy of the letters which Jonathan wrote to
6 Jonathan the high priest, and the elders of the nation, and
the priests, and the other of the Jews, unto the Lacedemonians
their brethren send greeting:
7 There were letters sent in times past unto Onias the high
priest from Darius, who reigned then among you, to signify that
ye are our brethren, as the copy here underwritten doth specify.
8 At which time Onias entreated the ambassador that was sent
honourably, and received the letters, wherein declaration was
made of the league and friendship.
9 Therefore we also, albeit we need none of these things, that
we have the holy books of scripture in our hands to comfort us,
10 Have nevertheless attempted to send unto you for the renewing
of brotherhood and friendship, lest we should become strangers
unto you altogether for there is a long time passed since ye
sent unto us.
11 We therefore at all times without ceasing, both in our
feasts, and other convenient days, do remember you in the
sacrifices which we offer, and in our prayers, as reason is, and
as it becometh us to think upon our brethren:
12 And we are right glad of your honour.
13 As for ourselves, we have had great troubles and wars on
every side, forsomuch as the kings that are round about us have
fought against us.
14 Howbeit we would not be troublesome unto you, nor to others
of our confederates and friends, in these wars:
15 For we have help from heaven that succoureth us, so as we are
delivered from our enemies, and our enemies are brought under
16 For this cause we chose Numenius the son of Antiochus, and
Antipater he son of Jason, and sent them unto the Romans, to
renew the amity that we had with them, and the former league.
17 We commanded them also to go unto you, and to salute and to
deliver you our letters concerning the renewing of our
18 Wherefore now ye shall do well to give us an answer thereto.
19 And this is the copy of the letters which Oniares sent.
20 Areus king of the Lacedemonians to Onias the high priest,
21 It is found in writing, that the Lacedemonians and Jews are
brethren, and that they are of the stock of Abraham:
22 Now therefore, since this is come to our knowledge, ye shall
do well to write unto us of your prosperity.
23 We do write back again to you, that your cattle and goods are
our's, and our's are your's We do command therefore our
ambassadors to make report unto you on this wise.
24 Now when Jonathan heard that Demebius' princes were come to
fight against him with a greater host than afore,
25 He removed from Jerusalem, and met them in the land of
Amathis for he gave them no respite to enter his country.
26 He sent spies also unto their tents, who came again, and told
him that they were appointed to come upon them in the night
27 Wherefore so soon as the sun was down, Jonathan commanded his
men to watch, and to be in arms, that all the night long they
might be ready to fight also he sent forth centinels round about
28 But when the adversaries heard that Jonathan and his men were
ready for battle, they feared, and trembled in their hearts, and
they kindled fires in their camp.
29 Howbeit Jonathan and his company knew it not till the morning
for they saw the lights burning.
30 Then Jonathan pursued after them, but overtook them not for
they were gone over the river Eleutherus.
31 Wherefore Jonathan turned to the Arabians, who were called
Zabadeans, and smote them, and took their spoils.
32 And removing thence, he came to Damascus, and so passed
through all the country,
33 Simon also went forth, and passed through the country unto
Ascalon, and the holds there adjoining, from whence he turned
aside to Joppa, and won it.
34 For he had heard that they would deliver the hold unto them
that took Demetrius' part; wherefore he set a garrison there to
35 After this came Jonathan home again, and calling the elders
of the people together, he consulted with them about building
strong holds in Judea,
36 And making the walls of Jerusalem higher, and raising a great
mount between the tower and the city, for to separate it from
the city, that so it might be alone, that men might neither sell
nor buy in it.
37 Upon this they came together to build up the city, forasmuch
as part of the wall toward the brook on the east side was fallen
down, and they repaired that which was called Caphenatha.
38 Simon also set up Adida in Sephela, and made it strong with
gates and bars.
39 Now Tryphon went about to get the kingdom of Asia, and to
kill Antiochus the king, that he might set the crown upon his
40 Howbeit he was afraid that Jonathan would not suffer him, and
that he would fight against him; wherefore he sought a way how
to take Jonathan, that he might kill him. So he removed, and
came to Bethsan.
41 Then Jonathan went out to meet him with forty thousand men
chosen for the battle, and came to Bethsan.
42 Now when Tryphon saw Jonathan came with so great a force, he
durst not stretch his hand against him;
43 But received him honourably, and commended him unto all his
friends, and gave him gifts, and commanded his men of war to be
as obedient unto him, as to himself.
44 Unto Jonathan also he said, Why hast thou brought all this
people to so great trouble, seeing there is no war betwixt us?
45 Therefore send them now home again, and choose a few men to
wait on thee, and come thou with me to Ptolemais, for I will
give it thee, and the rest of the strong holds and forces, and
all that have any charge as for me, I will return and depart for
this is the cause of my coming.
46 So Jonathan believing him did as he bade him, and sent away
his host, who went into the land of Judea.
47 And with himself he retained but three thousand men, of whom
he sent two thousand into Galilee, and one thousand went with
48 Now as soon as Jonathan entered into Ptolemais, they of
Ptolemais shut the gates and took him, and all them that came
with him they slew with the sword.
49 Then sent Tryphon an host of footmen and horsemen into
Galilee, and into the great plain, to destroy all Jonathan's
50 But when they knew that Jonathan and they that were with him
were taken and slain, they encouraged one another; and went
close together, prepared to fight.
51 They therefore that followed upon them, perceiving that they
were ready to fight for their lives, turned back again.
52 Whereupon they all came into the land of Judea peaceably, and
there they bewailed Jonathan, and them that were with him, and
they were sore afraid; wherefore all Israel made great
53 Then all the heathen that were round about then sought to
destroy them for said they, They have no captain, nor any to
help them now therefore let us make war upon them, and take away
their memorial from among men.
1 Now when Simon heard that Tryphon had gathered together a
great host to invade the land of Judea, and destroy it,
2 And saw that the people was in great trembling and fear, he
went up to Jerusalem, and gathered the people together,
3 And gave them exhortation, saying, Ye yourselves know what
great things I, and my brethren, and my father's house, have
done for the laws and the sanctuary, the battles also and
troubles which we have seen.
4 By reason whereof all my brethren are slain for Israel's sake,
and I am left alone.
5 Now therefore be it far from me, that I should spare mine own
life in any time of trouble for I am no better than my brethren.
6 Doubtless I will avenge my nation, and the sanctuary, and our
wives, and our children for all the heathen are gathered to
destroy us of very malice.
7 Now as soon as the people heard these words, their spirit
8 And they answered with a loud voice, saying, Thou shalt be our
leader instead of Judas and Jonathan thy brother.
9 Fight thou our battles, and whatsoever, thou commandest us,
that will we do.
10 So then he gathered together all the men of war, and made
haste to finish the walls of Jerusalem, and he fortified it
11 Also he sent Jonathan the son of Absolom, and with him a
great power, to Joppa who casting out them that were therein
remained there in it.
12 So Tryphon removed from Ptolemaus with a great power to
invade the land of Judea, and Jonathan was with him in ward.
13 But Simon pitched his tents at Adida, over against the plain.
14 Now when Tryphon knew that Simon was risen up instead of his
brother Jonathan, and meant to join battle with him, he sent
messengers unto him, saying,
15 Whereas we have Jonathan thy brother in hold, it is for money
that he is owing unto the king's treasure, concerning the
business that was committed unto him.
16 Wherefore now send an hundred talents of silver, and two of
his sons for hostages, that when he is at liberty he may not
revolt from us, and we will let him go.
17 Hereupon Simon, albeit he perceived that they spake
deceitfully unto him yet sent he the money and the children,
lest peradventure he should procure to himself great hatred of
18 Who might have said, Because I sent him not the money and the
children, therefore is Jonathan dead.
19 So he sent them the children and the hundred talents howbeit
Tryphon dissembled neither would he let Jonathan go.
20 And after this came Tryphon to invade the land, and destroy
it, going round about by the way that leadeth unto Adora but
Simon and his host marched against him in every place,
wheresoever he went.
21 Now they that were in the tower sent messengers unto Tryphon,
to the end that he should hasten his coming unto them by the
wilderness, and send them victuals.
22 Wherefore Tryphon made ready all his horsemen to come that
night but there fell a very great snow, by reason whereof he
came not. So he departed, and came into the country of Galaad.
23 And when he came near to Bascama he slew Jonathan, who was
24 Afterward Tryphon returned and went into his own land.
25 Then sent Simon, and took the bones of Jonathan his brother,
and buried them in Modin, the city of his fathers.
26 And all Israel made great lamentation for him, and bewailed
him many days.
27 Simon also built a monument upon the sepulchre of his father
and his brethren, and raised it aloft to the sight, with hewn
stone behind and before.
28 Moreover he set up seven pyramids, one against another, for
his father, and his mother, and his four brethren.
29 And in these he made cunning devices, about the which he set
great pillars, and upon the pillars he made all their armour for
a perpetual memory, and by the armour ships carved, that they
might be seen of all that sail on the sea.
30 This is the sepulchre which he made at Modin, and it standeth
yet unto this day.
31 Now Tryphon dealt deceitfully with the young king Antiochus,
and slew him.
32 And he reigned in his stead, and crowned himself king of
Asia, and brought a great calamity upon the land.
33 Then Simon built up the strong holds in Judea, and fenced
them about with high towers, and great walls, and gates, and
bars, and laid up victuals therein.
34 Moreover Simon chose men, and sent to king Demetrius, to the
end he should give the land an immunity, because all that
Tryphon did was to spoil.
35 Unto whom king Demetrius answered and wrote after this
36 King Demetrius unto Simon the high priest, and friend of
kings, as also unto the elders and nation of the Jews, sendeth
37 The golden crown, and the scarlet robe, which ye sent unto
us, we have received and we are ready to make a stedfast peace
with you, yea, and to write unto our officers, to confirm the
immunities which we have granted.
38 And whatsoever covenants we have made with you shall stand;
and the strong holds, which ye have builded, shall be your own.
39 As for any oversight or fault committed unto this day, we
forgive it, and the crown tax also, which ye owe us and if there
were any other tribute paid in Jerusalem, it shall no more be
40 And look who are meet among you to be in our court, let then
be enrolled, and let there be peace betwixt us.
41 Thus the yoke of the heathen was taken away from Israel in
the hundred and seventieth year.
42 Then the people of Israel began to write in their instruments
and contracts, In the first year of Simon the high priest, the
governor and leader of the Jews.
43 In those days Simon camped against Gaza and besieged it round
about; he made also an engine of war, and set it by the city,
and battered a certain tower, and took it.
44 And they that were in the engine leaped into the city;
whereupon there was a great uproar in the city:
45 Insomuch as the people of the city rent their clothes, and
climbed upon the walls with their wives and children, and cried
with a loud voice, beseeching Simon to grant them peace.
46 And they said, Deal not with us according to our wickedness,
but according to thy mercy.
47 So Simon was appeased toward them, and fought no more against
them, but put them out of the city, and cleansed the houses
wherein the idols were, and so entered into it with songs and
48 Yea, he put all uncleanness out of it, and placed such men
there as would keep the law, and made it stronger than it was
before, and built therein a dwellingplace for himself.
49 They also of the tower in Jerusalem were kept so strait, that
they could neither come forth, nor go into the country, nor buy,
nor sell wherefore they were in great distress for want of
victuals, and a great number of them perished through famine.
50 Then cried they to Simon, beseeching him to be at one with
them which thing he granted them; and when he had put them out
from thence, he cleansed the tower from pollutions:
51 And entered into it the three and twentieth day of the second
month in the hundred seventy and first year, with thanksgiving,
and branches of palm trees, and with harps, and cymbals, and
with viols, and hymns, and songs because there was destroyed a
great enemy out of Israel.
52 He ordained also that that day should be kept every year with
gladness. Moreover the hill of the temple that was by the tower
he made stronger than it was, and there he dwelt himself with
53 And when Simon saw that John his son was a valiant man, he
made him captain of all the hosts; and he dwelt in Gazera.
1 Now in the hundred threescore and twelfth year king Demetrius
gathered his forces together, and went into Media to get him
help to fight against Tryphone.
2 But when Arsaces, the king of Persia and Media, heard that
Demetrius was entered within his borders, he sent one of his
princes to take him alive:
3 Who went and smote the host of Demetrius, and took him, and
brought him to Arsaces, by whom he was put in ward.
4 As for the land of Judea, that was quiet all the days of
Simon; for he sought the good of his nation in such wise, as
that evermore his authority and honour pleased them well.
5 And as he was honourable in all his acts, so in this, that he
took Joppa for an haven, and made an entrance to the isles of
6 And enlarged the bounds of his nation, and recovered the
7 And gathered together a great number of captives, and had the
dominion of Gazera, and Bethsura, and the tower, out of the
which he took all uncleaness, neither was there any that
8 Then did they till their ground in peace, and the earth gave
her increase, and the trees of the field their fruit.
9 The ancient men sat all in the streets, communing together of
good things, and the young men put on glorious and warlike
10 He provided victuals for the cities, and set in them all
manner of munition, so that his honourable name was renowned
unto the end of the world.
11 He made peace in the land, and Israel rejoiced with great
12 For every man sat under his vine and his fig tree, and there
was none to fray them:
13 Neither was there any left in the land to fight against them
yea, the kings themselves were overthrown in those days.
14 Moreover he strengthened all those of his people that were
brought low the law he searched out; and every contemner of the
law and wicked person he took away.
15 He beautified the sanctuary, and multiplied vessels of the
16 Now when it was heard at Rome, and as far as Sparta, that
Jonathan was dead, they were very sorry.
17 But as soon as they heard that his brother Simon was made
high priest in his stead, and ruled the country, and the cities
18 They wrote unto him in tables of brass, to renew the
friendship and league which they had made with Judas and
Jonathan his brethren:
19 Which writings were read before the congregation at
20 And this is the copy of the letters that the Lacedemonians
sent; The rulers of the Lacedemonians, with the city, unto Simon
the high priest, and the elders, and priests, and residue of the
people of the Jews, our brethren, send greeting:
21 The ambassadors that were sent unto our people certified us
of your glory and honour wherefore we were glad of their coming,
22 And did register the things that they spake in the council of
the people in this manner; Numenius son of Antiochus, and
Antipater son of Jason, the Jews' ambassadors, came unto us to
renew the friendship they had with us.
23 And it pleased the people to entertain the men honourably,
and to put the copy of their ambassage in publick records, to
the end the people of the Lacedemonians might have a memorial
thereof furthermore we have written a copy thereof unto Simon
the high priest.
24 After this Simon sent Numenius to Rome with a great shield of
gold of a thousand pound weight to confirm the league with them.
25 Whereof when the people heard, they said, What thanks shall
we give to Simon and his sons?
26 For he and his brethren and the house of his father have
established Israel, and chased away in fight their enemies from
them, and confirmed their liberty.
27 So then they wrote it in tables of brass, which they set upon
pillars in mount Sion and this is the copy of the writing; The
eighteenth day of the month Elul, in the hundred threescore and
twelfth year, being the third year of Simon the high priest,
28 At Saramel in the great congregation of the priests, and
people, and rulers of the nation, and elders of the country,
were these things notified unto us.
29 Forasmuch as oftentimes there have been wars in the country,
wherein for the maintenance of their sanctuary, and the law,
Simon the son of Mattathias, of the posterity of Jarib, together
with his brethren, put themselves in jeopardy, and resisting the
enemies of their nation did their nation great honour:
30 (For after that Jonathan, having gathered his nation
together, and been their high priest, was added to his people,
31 Their enemies prepared to invade their country, that they
might destroy it, and lay hands on the sanctuary:
32 At which time Simon rose up, and fought for his nation, and
spent much of his own substance, and armed the valiant men of
his nation and gave them wages,
33 And fortified the cities of Judea, together with Bethsura,
that lieth upon the borders of Judea, where the armour of the
enemies had been before; but he set a garrison of Jews there:
34 Moreover he fortified Joppa, which lieth upon the sea, and
Gazera, that bordereth upon Azotus, where the enemies had dwelt
before but he placed Jews there, and furnished them with all
things convenient for the reparation thereof.)
35 The people therefore sang the acts of Simon, and unto what
glory he thought to bring his nation, made him their governor
and chief priest, because he had done all these things, and for
the justice and faith which he kept to his nation, and for that
he sought by all means to exalt his people.
36 For in his time things prospered in his hands, so that the
heathen were taken out of their country, and they also that were
in the city of David in Jerusalem, who had made themselves a
tower, out of which they issued, and polluted all about the
sanctuary, and did much hurt in the holy place:
37 But he placed Jews therein. and fortified it for the safety
of the country and the city, and raised up the walls of
38 King Demetrius also confirmed him in the high priesthood
according to those things,
39 And made him one of his friends, and honoured him with great
40 For he had heard say, that the Romans had called the Jews
their friends and confederates and brethren; and that they had
entertained the ambassadors of Simon honourably;
41 Also that the Jews and priests were well pleased that Simon
should be their governor and high priest for ever, until there
should arise a faithful prophet;
42 Moreover that he should be their captain, and should take
charge of the sanctuary, to set them over their works, and over
the country, and over the armour, and over the fortresses, that,
I say, he should take charge of the sanctuary;
43 Beside this, that he should be obeyed of every man, and that
all the writings in the country should be made in his name, and
that he should be clothed in purple, and wear gold:
44 Also that it should be lawful for none of the people or
priests to break any of these things, or to gainsay his words,
or to gather an assembly in the country without him, or to be
clothed in purple, or wear a buckle of gold;
45 And whosoever should do otherwise, or break any of these
things, he should be punished.
46 Thus it liked all the people to deal with Simon, and to do as
hath been said.
47 Then Simon accepted hereof, and was well pleased to be high
priest, and captain and governor of the Jews and priests, and to
defend them all.
48 So they commanded that this writing should be put in tables
of brass, and that they should be set up within the compass of
the sanctuary in a conspicuous place;
49 Also that the copies thereof should be laid up in the
treasury, to the end that Simon and his sons might have them.
1 Moreover Antiochus son of Demetrius the king sent letters from
the isles of the sea unto Simon the priest and prince of the
Jews, and to all the people;
2 The contents whereof were these King Antiochus to Simon the
high priest and prince of his nation, and to the people of the
3 Forasmuch as certain pestilent men have usurped the kingdom of
our fathers, and my purpose is to challenge it again, that I may
restore it to the old estate, and to that end have gathered a
multitude of foreign soldiers together, and prepared ships of
4 My meaning also being to go through the country, that I may be
avenged of them that have destroyed it, and made many cities in
the kingdom desolate:
5 Now therefore I confirm unto thee all the oblations which the
kings before me granted thee, and whatsoever gifts besides they
6 I give thee leave also to coin money for thy country with
thine own stamp.
7 And as concerning Jerusalem and the sanctuary, let them be
free; and all the armour that thou hast made, and fortresses
that thou hast built, and keepest in thine hands, let them
remain unto thee.
8 And if anything be, or shall be, owing to the king, let it be
forgiven thee from this time forth for evermore.
9 Furthermore, when we have obtained our kingdom, we will honour
thee, and thy nation, and thy temple, with great honour, so that
your honour shall be known throughout the world.
10 In the hundred threescore and fourteenth year went Antiochus
into the land of his fathers at which time all the forces came
together unto him, so that few were left with Tryphon.
11 Wherefore being pursued by king Antiochus, he fled unto Dora,
which lieth by the sea side:
12 For he saw that troubles came upon him all at once, and that
his forces had forsaken him.
13 Then camped Antiochus against Dora, having with him an
hundred and twenty thousand men of war, and eight thousand
14 And when he had compassed the city round about, and joined
ships close to the town on the sea side, he vexed the city by
land and by sea, neither suffered he any to go out or in.
15 In the mean season came Numenius and his company from Rome,
having letters to the kings and countries; wherein were written
16 Lucius, consul of the Romans unto king Ptolemee, greeting:
17 The Jews' ambassadors, our friends and confederates, came
unto us to renew the old friendship and league, being sent from
Simon the high priest, and from the people of the Jews:
18 And they brought a shield of gold of a thousand pound.
19 We thought it good therefore to write unto the kings and
countries, that they should do them no harm, nor fight against
them, their cities, or countries, nor yet aid their enemies
20 It seemed also good to us to receive the shield of them.
21 If therefore there be any pestilent fellows, that have fled
from their country unto you, deliver them unto Simon the high
priest, that he may punish them according to their own law.
22 The same things wrote he likewise unto Demetrius the king,
and Attalus, to Ariarathes, and Arsaces,
23 And to all the countries and to Sampsames, and the
Lacedemonians, and to Delus, and Myndus, and Sicyon, and Caria,
and Samos, and Pamphylia, and Lycia, and Halicarnassus, and
Rhodus, and Aradus, and Cos, and Side, and Aradus, and Gortyna,
and Cnidus, and Cyprus, and Cyrene.
24 And the copy hereof they wrote to Simon the high priest.
25 So Antiochus the king camped against Dora the second day,
assaulting it continually, and making engines, by which means he
shut up Tryphon, that he could neither go out nor in.
26 At that time Simon sent him two thousand chosen men to aid
him; silver also, and gold, and much armour.
27 Nevertheless he would not receive them, but brake all the
covenants which he had made with him afore, and became strange
28 Furthermore he sent unto him Athenobius, one of his friends,
to commune with him, and say, Ye withhold Joppa and Gazera; with
the tower that is in Jerusalem, which are cities of my realm.
29 The borders thereof ye have wasted, and done great hurt in
the land, and got the dominion of many places within my kingdom.
30 Now therefore deliver the cities which ye have taken, and the
tributes of the places, whereof ye have gotten dominion without
the borders of Judea:
31 Or else give me for them five hundred talents of silver; and
for the harm that ye have done, and the tributes of the cities,
other five hundred talents if not, we will come and fight
32 So Athenobius the king's friend came to Jerusalem and when he
saw the glory of Simon, and the cupboard of gold and silver
plate, and his great attendance, he was astonished, and told him
the king's message.
33 Then answered Simon, and said unto him, We have neither taken
other men's land, nor holden that which appertaineth to others,
but the inheritance of our fathers, which our enemies had
wrongfully in possession a certain time.
34 Wherefore we, having opportunity, hold the inheritance of our
35 And whereas thou demandest Joppa and Gazera, albeit they did
great harm unto the people in our country, yet will we give thee
an hundred talents for them. Hereunto Athenobius answered him
not a word;
36 But returned in a rage to the king, and made report unto him
of these speeches, and of the glory of Simon, and of all that he
had seen whereupon the king was exceeding wroth.
37 In the mean time fled Tryphon by ship unto Orthosias.
38 Then the king made Cendebeus captain of the sea coast, and
gave him an host of footmen and horsemen,
39 And commanded him to remove his host toward Judea; also he
commanded him to build up Cedron, and to fortify the gates, and
to war against the people; but as for the king himself, he
40 So Cendebeus came to Jamnia and began to provoke the people
and to invade Judea, and to take the people prisoners, and slay
41 And when he had built up Cedrou, he set horsemen there, and
an host of footmen, to the end that issuing out they might make
outroads upon the ways of Judea, as the king had commanded him.
1 Then came up John from Gazera, and told Simon his father what
Cendebeus had done.
2 Wherefore Simon called his two eldest sons, Judas and John,
and said unto them, I, and my brethren, and my father's house,
have ever from my youth unto this day fought against the enemies
of Israel; and things have prospered so well in our hands, that
we have delivered Israel oftentimes.
3 But now I am old, and ye, by God's mercy, are of a sufficient
age be ye instead of me and my brother, and go and fight for our
nation, and the help from heaven be with you.
4 So he chose out of the country twenty thousand men of war with
horsemen, who went out against Cendebeus, and rested that night
5 And when as they rose in the morning, and went into the plain,
behold, a mighty great host both of footmen and horsemen came
against them howbeit there was a water brook betwixt them.
6 So he and his people pitched over against them and when he saw
that the people were afraid to go over the water brook, he went
first over himself, and then the men seeing him passed through
7 That done, he divided his men, and set the horsemen in the
midst of the footmen for the enemies' horsemen were very many.
8 Then sounded they with the holy trumpets whereupon Cendebeus
and his host were put to flight, so that many of them were
slain, and the remnant gat them to the strong hold.
9 At that time was Judas John's brother wounded; but John still
followed after them, until he came to Cedron, which Cendebeus
10 So they fled even unto the towers in the fields of Azotus;
wherefore he burned it with fire so that there were slain of
them about two thousand men. Afterward he returned into the land
of Judea in peace.
11 Moreover in the plain of Jericho was Ptolemeus the son of
Abubus made captain, and he had abundance of silver and gold:
12 For he was the high priest's son in law.
13 Wherefore his heart being lifted up, he thought to get the
country to himself, and thereupon consulted deceitfully against
Simon and his sons to destroy them.
14 Now Simon was visiting the cities that were in the country,
and taking care for the good ordering of them; at which time he
came down himself to Jericho with his sons, Mattathias and
Judas, in the hundred threescore and seventeenth year, in the
eleventh month, called Sabat:
15 Where the son of Abubus receiving them deceitfully into a
little hold, called Docus, which he had built, made them a great
banquet howbeit he had hid men there.
16 So when Simon and his sons had drunk largely, Ptolemee and
his men rose up, and took their weapons, and came upon Simon
into the banqueting place, and slew him, and his two sons, and
certain of his servants.
17 In which doing he committed a great treachery, and
recompensed evil for good.
18 Then Ptolemee wrote these things, and sent to the king, that
he should send him an host to aid him, and he would deliver him
the country and cities.
19 He sent others also to Gazera to kill John and unto the
tribunes he sent letters to come unto him, that he might give
them silver, and gold, and rewards.
20 And others he sent to take Jerusalem, and the mountain of the
21 Now one had run afore to Gazera and told John that his father
and brethren were slain, and, quoth he, Ptolemee hath sent to
slay thee also.
22 Hereof when he heard, he was sore astonished so he laid hands
on them that were come to destroy him, and slew them; for he
knew that they sought to make him away.
23 As concerning the rest of the acts of John, and his wars, and
worthy deeds which he did, and the building of the walls which
he made, and his doings,
24 Behold, these are written in the chronicles of his
priesthood, from the time he was made high priest after his