4 Then Mardocheus said, God hath done these things.
5 For I remember a dream which I saw concerning these matters,
and nothing thereof hath failed.
6 A little fountain became a river, and there was light, and the
sun, and much water this river is Esther, whom the king married,
and made queen:
7 And the two dragons are I and Aman.
8 And the nations were those that were assembled to destroy the
name of the Jews:
9 And my nation is this Israel, which cried to God, and were
saved for the Lord hath saved his people, and the Lord hath
delivered us from all those evils, and God hath wrought signs
and great wonders, which have not been done among the Gentiles.
10 Therefore hath he made two lots, one for the people of God,
and another for all the Gentiles.
11 And these two lots came at the hour, and time, and day of
judgment, before God among all nations.
12 So God remembered his people, and justified his inheritance.
13 Therefore those days shall be unto them in the month Adar,
the fourteenth and fifteenth day of the same month, with an
assembly, and joy, and with gladness before God, according to
the generations for ever among his people.
1 In the fourth year of the reign of Ptolemeus and Cleopatra,
Dositheus, who said he was a priest and Levite, and Ptolemeus
his son, brought this epistle of Phurim, which they said was the
same, and that Lysimachus the son of Ptolemeus, that was in
Jerusalem, had interpreted it.
2 In the second year of the reign of Artexerxes the great, in
the first day of the month Nisan, Mardocheus the son of Jairus,
the son of Semei, the son of Cisai, of the tribe of Benjamin,
had a dream;
3 Who was a Jew, and dwelt in the city of Susa, a great man,
being a servitor in the king's court.
4 He was also one of the captives, which Nabuchodonosor the king
of Babylon carried from Jerusalem with Jechonias king of Judea;
and this was his dream:
5 Behold a noise of a tumult, with thunder, and earthquakes, and
uproar in the land:
6 And, behold, two great dragons came forth ready to fight, and
their cry was great.
7 And at their cry all nations were prepared to battle, that
they might fight against the righteous people.
8 And lo a day of darkness and obscurity, tribulation and
anguish, affliction and great uproar, upon earth.
9 And the whole righteous nation was troubled, fearing their own
evils, and were ready to perish.
10 Then they cried unto God, and upon their cry, as it were from
a little fountain, was made a great flood, even much water.
11 The light and the sun rose up, and the lowly were exalted,
and devoured the glorious.
12 Now when Mardocheus, who had seen this dream, and what God
had determined to do, was awake, he bare this dream in mind, and
until night by all means was desirous to know it.
1 And Mardocheus took his rest in the court with Gabatha and
Tharra, the two eunuchs of the king, and keepers of the palace.
2 And he heard their devices, and searched out their purposes,
and learned that they were about to lay hands upon Artexerxes
the king; and so he certified the king of them.
3 Then the king examined the two eunuchs, and after that they
had confessed it, they were strangled.
4 And the king made a record of these things, and Mardocheus
also wrote thereof.
5 So the king commanded, Mardocheus to serve in the court, and
for this he rewarded him.
6 Howbeit Aman the son of Amadathus the Agagite, who was in
great honour with the king, sought to molest Mardocheus and his
people because of the two eunuchs of the king.
1 The copy of the letters was this The great king Artexerxes
writeth these things to the princes and governours that are
under him from India unto Ethiopia in an hundred and seven and
2 After that I became lord over many nations and had dominion
over the whole world, not lifted up with presumption of my
authority, but carrying myself always with equity and mildness,
I purposed to settle my subjects continually in a quiet life,
and making my kingdom peaceable, and open for passage to the
utmost coasts, to renew peace, which is desired of all men.
3 Now when I asked my counsellors how this might be brought to
pass, Aman, that excelled in wisdom among us, and was approved
for his constant good will and steadfast fidelity, and had the
honour of the second place in the kingdom,
4 Declared unto us, that in all nations throughout the world
there was scattered a certain malicious people, that had laws
contrary to ail nations, and continually despised the
commandments of kings, so as the uniting of our kingdoms,
honourably intended by us cannot go forward.
5 Seeing then we understand that this people alone is
continually in opposition unto all men, differing in the strange
manner of their laws, and evil affected to our state, working
all the mischief they can that our kingdom may not be firmly
6 Therefore have we commanded, that all they that are signified
in writing unto you by Aman, who is ordained over the affairs,
and is next unto us, shall all, with their wives and children,
be utterly destroyed by the sword of their enemies, without all
mercy and pity, the fourteenth day of the twelfth month Adar of
this present year:
7 That they, who of old and now also are malicious, may in one
day with violence go into the grave, and so ever hereafter cause
our affairs to be well settled, and without trouble.
8 Then Mardocheus thought upon all the works of the Lord, and
made his prayer unto him,
9 Saying, O Lord, Lord, the King Almighty for the whole world is
in thy power, and if thou hast appointed to save Israel, there
is no man that can gainsay thee:
10 For thou hast made heaven and earth, and all the wondrous
things under the heaven.
11 Thou art Lord of all things, and and there is no man that can
resist thee, which art the Lord.
12 Thou knowest all things, and thou knowest, Lord, that it was
neither in contempt nor pride, nor for any desire of glory, that
I did not bow down to proud Aman.
13 For I could have been content with good will for the
salvation of Israel to kiss the soles of his feet.
14 But I did this, that I might not prefer the glory of man
above the glory of God neither will I worship any but thee, O
God, neither will I do it in pride.
15 And now, O Lord God and King, spare thy people for their eyes
are upon us to bring us to nought; yea, they desire to destroy
the inheritance, that hath been thine from the beginning.
16 Despise not the portion, which thou hast delivered out of
Egypt for thine own self.
17 Hear my prayer, and be merciful unto thine inheritance turn
our sorrow into joy, that we may live, O Lord, and praise thy
name and destroy not the mouths of them that praise thee, O
18 All Israel in like manner cried most earnestly unto the Lord,
because their death was before their eyes.
1 Queen Esther also, being in fear of death, resorted unto the
2 And laid away her glorious apparel, and put on the garments of
anguish and mourning and instead of precious ointments, she
covered her head with ashes and dung, and she humbled her body
greatly, and all the places of her joy she filled with her torn
3 And she prayed unto the Lord God of Israel, saying, O my Lord,
thou only art our King help me, desolate woman, which have no
helper but thee:
4 For my danger is in mine hand.
5 From my youth up I have heard in the tribe of my family that
thou, O Lord, tookest Israel from among all people, and our
fathers from all their predecessors, for a perpetual
inheritance, and thou hast performed whatsoever thou didst
6 And now we have sinned before thee therefore hast thou given
us into the hands of our enemies,
7 Because we worshipped their gods O Lord, thou art righteous.
8 Nevertheless it satisfieth them not, that we are in bitter
captivity but they have stricken hands with their idols,
9 That they will abolish the thing that thou with thy mouth hast
ordained, and destroy thine inheritance, and stop the mouth of
them that praise thee, and quench the glory of thy house, and of
10 And open the mouths of the heathen to set forth the praises
of the idols, and to magnify a fleshly king for ever.
11 O Lord, give not thy sceptre unto them that be nothing, and
let them not laugh at our fall; but turn their device upon
themselves, and make him an example, that hath begun this
12 Remember, O Lord, make thyself known in time of our
affliction, and give me boldness, O King of the nations, and
Lord of all power.
13 Give me eloquent speech in my mouth before the lion turn his
heart to hate him that fighteth against us, that there may be an
end of him, and of all that are likeminded to him:
14 But deliver us with thine hand, and help me that am desolate,
and which have no other help but thee.
15 Thou knowest all things, O Lord; thou knowest that I hate the
glory of the unrighteous, and abhor the bed of the
uncircumcised, and of all the heathen.
16 Thou knowest my necessity for I abhor the sign of my high
estate, which is upon mine head in the days wherein I shew
myself, and that I abhor it as a menstruous rag, and that I wear
it not when I am private by myself.
17 And that thine handmaid hath not eaten at Aman's table, and
that I have not greatly esteemed the king's feast, nor drunk the
wine of the drink offerings.
18 Neither had thine handmaid any joy since the day that I was
brought hither to this present, but in thee, O Lord God of
19 O thou mighty God above all, hear the voice of the forlorn
and deliver us out of the hands of the mischievous, and deliver
me out of my fear.
1 And upon the third day, when she had ended her prayers, she
laid away her mourning garments, and put on her glorious
2 And being gloriously adorned, after she had called upon God,
who is the beholder and saviour of all things, she took two
maids with her:
3 And upon the one she leaned, as carrying herself daintily;
4 And the other followed, bearing up her train.
5 And she was ruddy through the perfection of her beauty, and
her countenance was cheerful and very amiable but her heart was
in anguish for fear.
6 Then having passed through all the doors, she stood before the
king, who sat upon his royal throne, and was clothed with all
his robes of majesty, all glittering with gold and precious
stones; and he was very dreadful.
7 Then lifting up his countenance that shone with majesty, he
looked very fiercely upon her and the queen fell down, and was
pale, and fainted, and bowed herself upon the head of the maid
that went before her.
8 Then God changed the spirit of the king into mildness, who in
a fear leaped from his throne, and took her in his arms, till
she came to herself again, and comforted her with loving words
and said unto her,
9 Esther, what is the matter? I am thy brother, be of good
10 Thou shalt not die, though our our commandment be general
11 And so be held up his golden sceptre, and laid it upon her
12 And embraced her, and said, Speak unto me.
13 Then said she unto him, I saw thee, my lord, as an angel of
God, and my heart was troubled for fear of thy majesty.
14 For wonderful art thou, lord, and thy countenance is full of
15 And as she was speaking, she fell down for faintness.
16 Then the king was troubled, and ail his servants comforted
1 The great king Artexerxes unto the princes and governors of an
hundred and seven and twenty provinces from India unto Ethiopia,
and unto all our faithful subjects, greeting.
2 Many, the more often they are honoured with the great bounty
of their gracious princes, the more proud they are waxen,
3 And endeavour to hurt not our subjects only, but not being
able to bear abundance, do take in hand to practise also against
those that do them good:
4 And take not only thankfulness away from among men, but also
lifted up with the glorious words of lewd persons, that were
never good, they think to escape the justice of God, that seeth
all things and hateth evil.
5 Oftentimes also fair speech of those, that are put in trust to
manage their friends' affairs, hath caused many that are in
authority to be partakers of innocent blood, and hath enwrapped
them in remediless calamities:
6 Beguiling with the falsehood and deceit of their lewd
disposition the innocency and goodness of princes.
7 Now ye may see this, as we have declared, not so much by
ancient histories, as ye may, if ye search what hath been
wickedly done of late through the pestilent behaviour of them
that are unworthily placed in authority.
8 And we must take care for the time to come, that our kingdom
may be quiet and peaceable for all men,
9 Both by changing our purposes, and always judging things that
are evident with more equal proceeding.
10 For Aman, a Macedonian, the son of Amadatha, being indeed a
stranger from the Persian blood, and far distant from our
goodness, and as a stranger received of us,
11 Had so far forth obtained the favour that we shew toward
every nation, as that he was called our father, and was
continually honoured of all the next person unto the king.
12 But he, not bearing his great dignity, went about to deprive
us of our kingdom and life:
13 Having by manifold and cunning deceits sought of us the
destruction, as well of Mardocheus, who saved our life, and
continually procured our good, as also of blameless Esther,
partaker of our kingdom, with their whole nation.
14 For by these means he thought, finding us destitute of
friends to have translated the kingdom of the Persians to the
15 But we find that the Jews, whom this wicked wretch hath
delivered to utter destruction, are no evildoers, but live by
most just laws:
16 And that they be children of the most high and most mighty,
living God, who hath ordered the kingdom both unto us and to our
progenitors in the most excellent manner.
17 Wherefore ye shall do well not to put in execution the
letters sent unto you by Aman the son of Amadatha.
18 For he that was the worker of these things, is hanged at the
gates of Susa with all his family God, who ruleth all things,
speedily rendering vengeance to him according to his deserts.
19 Therefore ye shall publish the copy of this letter in all
places, that the Jews may freely live after their own laws.
20 And ye shall aid them, that even the same day, being the
thirteenth day of the twelfth month Adar, they may be avenged on
them, who in the time of their affliction shall set upon them.
21 For Almighty God hath turned to joy unto them the day,
wherein the chosen people should have perished.
22 Ye shall therefore among your solemn feasts keep it an high
day with all feasting:
23 That both now and hereafter there may be safety to us and the
well affected Persians; but to those which do conspire against
us a memorial of destruction.
24 Therefore every city and country whatsoever, which shall not
do according to these things, shall be destroyed without mercy
with fire and sword, and shall be made not only unpassable for
men, but also most hateful to wild beasts and fowls for ever.